Frederic G. Sauer

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Many Gram-negative pathogens assemble architecturally and functionally diverse adhesive pili on their surfaces by the chaperone-usher pathway. Immunoglobulin-like periplasmic chaperones escort pilus subunits to the usher, a large protein complex that facilitates the translocation and assembly of subunits across the outer membrane. The crystal structure of(More)
Periplasmic chaperones direct the assembly of adhesive, multi-subunit pilus fibers that play critical roles in bacterial pathogenesis. Pilus assembly occurs via a donor strand exchange mechanism in which the N-terminal extension of one subunit replaces the chaperone G(1) strand that transiently occupies a groove in the neighboring subunit. Here, we show(More)
A fundamental question in molecular biology is how proteins fold into domains that can serve as assembly modules for building up large macromolecular structures. The biogenesis of pili on the surface of Gram-negative bacteria requires the orchestration of a complex process that includes protein synthesis, folding via small chaperones, secretion, and(More)
Bacterial pathogens utilize the chaperone-usher pathway to assemble extracellular multi-subunit fibers essential for virulence. The periplasmic chaperone facilitates the initial folding of fiber subunits but then traps them in activated folding transition states. Chaperone dissociation releases the folding energy that drives subunit incorporation into the(More)
Bacterial pili assembled by the chaperone-usher pathway can mediate microbial attachment, an early step in the establishment of an infection, by binding specifically to sugars present in host tissues. Recent work has begun to reveal the structural basis both of chaperone function in the biogenesis of these pili and of bacterial attachment.
The assembly of type 1 pili on the surface of uropathogenic Escherichia coli proceeds via the chaperone-usher pathway. Chaperone-subunit complexes interact with one another via a process termed donor strand complementation whereby the G1beta strand of the chaperone completes the immunoglobulin (Ig) fold of the pilus subunit. Chaperone-subunit complexes are(More)
Gram-negative bacteria produce a diverse array of pili that mediate microbe-microbe and host-pathogen interactions important in the development of disease. The structural and functional characterization of these organelles, particularly their role in triggering signals in both the bacterium and the host upon attachment, has begun to reveal the molecular(More)
The assembly of adhesive pili from individual subunits by periplasmic PapD-like chaperones in Gram-negative bacteria offers insight into the complex process of organelle biogenesis. PapD-like chaperones bind, stabilize, and cap interactive surfaces of subunits until they are assembled into the pilus. Subunits lack the seventh *gb-strand necessary to(More)
A panel of murine monoclonal antibodies was generated against the extracellular domain of the human platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) beta receptor (PDGFRbeta). These antibodies were assayed for both the ability to inhibit binding of PDGF BB to PDGFRbeta+ cells as well as the capacity to inhibit PDGF BB-mediated mitogenesis. As expected, all antibodies(More)
Haemophilus influenzae haemagglutinating pili are surface appendages that promote attachment to host cells and facilitate respiratory tract colonization, an essential step in the pathogenesis of disease. In contrast to other well-characterized forms of pili, H. influenzae haemagglutinating pili are two-stranded helical structures. Nevertheless,(More)
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