Freddy Romero

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The progressive deterioration of renal function and structure resulting from renal mass reduction are mediated by a variety of mechanisms, including oxidative stress and inflammation. Melatonin, the major product of the pineal gland, has potent_antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and its production is impaired in chronic renal failure. We(More)
Changes in salt intake are associated in general with corresponding changes in arterial blood pressure. An exaggerated increment in blood pressure driven by a salt load is characteristic of salt-sensitive hypertension, a condition affecting more than two thirds of individuals with essential hypertension who are older than 60 years. In the last decade,(More)
We evaluated the effect of melatonin (Mel), a potent scavenger of reactive oxygen species, in the course of HgCl(2)-induced acute renal failure. Rats received by gastric gavage 1 mg/kg of Mel (n = 21) or vehicle (n = 21), 30 min before the subcutaneous injection of HgCl(2) (2.5 mg/kg). Rats were killed at 24, 48, and 72 h, and plasma creatinine (S(cr)),(More)
AIMS Activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), renal oxidative stress and inflammation are constantly present in experimental hypertension. Nitric oxide (NO) inhibition with N(w)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) has previously been reported to produce hypertension, increased expression of Angiotensin II (Ang II) and renal dysfunction. The use(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) but mechanisms mediating this association are unknown. While obesity is known to impair systemic blood vessel function, and predisposes to systemic vascular diseases, its effects on the pulmonary circulation are largely unknown. We hypothesized that the chronic low(More)
OBJECTIVE Adiponectin (APN) is an anti-inflammatory hormone derived from adipose tissue that attenuates acute lung injury in rodents. In this study, we investigated the association between circulating APN and outcomes among patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS We performed a retrospective cohort study using data and plasma(More)
IL-15Rα is the widely expressed primary binding partner for IL-15. Because of the wide distribution in nonlymphoid tissues like skeletal muscle, adipose, or liver, IL-15/IL-15Rα take part in physiological and metabolic processes not directly related to immunity. In fast muscle, lack of IL-15Rα promotes an oxidative switch, with increased mitochondrial(More)
Lipid-laden macrophages, or "foam cells," are observed in the lungs of patients with fibrotic lung disease, but their contribution to disease pathogenesis remains unexplored. Here, we demonstrate that fibrosis induced by bleomycin, silica dust, or thoracic radiation promotes early and sustained accumulation of foam cells in the lung. In the bleomycin model,(More)
BACKGROUND Extensive renal ablation is associated with progressive sclerosis of the remnant kidney. Because lymphocytes and monocytes accumulate in the remnant kidney, it is likely that they play a role in the renal scarring. Therefore, we treated rats with 5/6 nephrectomy (5/6Nx) with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), a drug that has an antiproliferative effect(More)
Immunosuppressive therapy has been shown to either improve or, more frequently, enhance the development of atherosclerosis. We tested the effect of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), an inhibitor of nucleotide synthesis widely used in transplant therapy, in diet-induced atherosclerosis in the rabbit. Two groups (n=10 each) of New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits were(More)