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The multiple dose pharmacokinetics of isotretinoin and its major blood metabolite, 4-oxo-isotretinoin, were studied in 10 patients with cystic acne and 11 patients with various keratinization disorders. Blood samples were obtained at predetermined times following the first dose, interim doses and the final dose. Blood concentrations of isotretinoin and(More)
A method is described for the quantitative analysis of isotretinoin and its 4-oxo metabolite, or of etretinate and its principal metabolites, in human blood in the range 10-2000 ng/ml. Following a simple one-step extraction, the compounds are determined by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with gradient elution and detection at(More)
The pharmacokinetics of isotretinoin and 4-oxoisotretinoin in blood, as well as the blood concentrations and urinary, biliary, and fecal excretion of carbon-14 were studied using liquid scintillation counting techniques and reverse phase HPLC methods following a single 80-mg oral suspension dose of 14C-isotretinoin to four healthy male subjects and two(More)
The metabolites of 13-cis-retinoic acid (Accutane) were investigated in blood samples from human volunteers on chronic treatment for dermatological disorders. The major metabolite was isolated by reverse-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography and identified as 4-oxo-13-cis-retinoic acid by comparison of its mass and NMR spectra to the spectra of the(More)
A pharmacokinetic profile of isotretinoin and its major dermatologically active blood metabolite, 4-oxo-isotretinoin, was developed following a single 80 mg oral suspension dose of isotretinoin to 15 normal male subjects. Blood samples were assayed for isotretinoin and 4-oxo-isotretinoin using a newly developed reverse-phase HPLC method. Following rapid(More)
The arotinoid Ro 15-0778 is a potent inhibitor of sebum secretion in rodents but not in humans, while isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid, Accutane) inhibits sebum secretion in rodents and humans. The concentrations of Ro 15-0778 and isotretinoin were determined in plasma and target tissues of castrated, testosterone-stimulated hamsters after oral and(More)
The in vitro metabolites formed on incubation of 13-cis-retinoic acid (13-cis-RA, isotretinoin) with a 9000g rat liver supernatant system were isolated by HPLC and identified by their mass and NMR spectra. The major metabolic pathway was hydroxylation at C4 to give 4-hydroxy-13-cis-RA, which was rapidly oxidized to 4-oxo-13-cis-RA, the major isolated(More)
Thin-layer chromatographic (t.l.c.) analysis of the products formed from the incubation of an acetone-pentane powder of sheep vesicular gland microsomes with 7,10,13,16-docosatetraenoic acid (adrenic acid) revealed the presence of two products having Rf values identical to PGE2 and PGF2alpha. These products were purified by t.l.c., derivatized by treatment(More)