Learn More
This observer-blind study compared the prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines, Cervarix (GlaxoSmithKline) and Gardasil (Merck), by assessing immunogenicity and safety through one month after completion of the three-dose vaccination course. Women (n = 1106) were stratified by age (18-26, 27-35, 36-45 years) and randomized (1:1) to receive Cervarix(More)
BACKGROUND In July 2006, Priorix-Tetra™, a combined measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine, was licensed in Germany. Since a postlicensure study had shown a more than twofold elevated risk of febrile convulsions (FC) after first dose vaccination with the combined MMRV vaccine ProQuad(®) compared to separately administered MMR and V vaccines (MMR+V),(More)
Although the introduction of universal pertussis immunisation in infants has greatly reduced the number of reported cases in infants and young children, disease incidence has been increasing in adolescents and adults in recent years. This changing epidemiological pattern is probably largely attributable to waning immunity after natural infection or(More)
Surveillance systems for acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children currently are often limited in terms of the panel of pathogens and the age range investigated or are only syndromic and at times only active in the winter season. Within PID-ARI.net, a research network for ARI in children in Germany, an active, year-round surveillance system was formed(More)
Microbial pathogens have developed complex and efficient ways of counteracting and evading innate and adaptive immune mechanisms. The strategies used by pathogens determine strongly the type of immune response a vaccine should elicit and how the vaccine should be formulated. Improved knowledge of immune response mechanisms has brought successes in the(More)
Priorix-Tetra (GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) is a combined measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (MMRV) vaccine. Eight studies involving more than 3000 children were reviewed. Compared with co-administration of MMR (Priorix) and varicella (Varilrix) vaccines, the MMRV vaccine showed: similar immunogenicity, with immunity shown up to 3 years post-vaccination;(More)
Deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase activity in phenylketonuria (PKU) causes an excess of phenylalanine (Phe) throughout the body, predicting impaired synthesis of catecholamines in the brain. To test this hypothesis, we used positron emission tomography (PET) to measure the utilization of 6-[18F]fluoro-L-DOPA [corrected] (FDOPA) in the brain of adult(More)
On the basis of five cases personally observed and one previously reported, we describe a disorder characterized by skeletal dysplasia, rapidly progressive nephropathy, episodes of lymphopenia, and pigmentary skin changes. Defects of T-cell function were compatible with an autoimmune process. The disorder is probably of genetic origin and inherited as an(More)
Nonresponsiveness to HBsAg vaccination is observed in 5-10% of vaccine recipients and is possibly caused by a defect in the T helper cell compartment. The immune response to HBsAg is influenced by genes of the major histocompatibility complex. We have investigated MHC class I and class II antigens in 53 adult responders and 73 nonresponders. Results(More)
After the introduction of effective Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines, clinical practice has driven the development of combination vaccines comprising Hib conjugates with the infant diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccines. However, when such combinations contain an acellular pertussis component (Pa), the antibody response to Hib is(More)