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A procedure for the rapid isolation of DNA from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is described. To release plasmid DNA for the transformation of Escherichia coli, cells are subjected to vortex mixing in the presence of acid-washed glass beads, Triton X-100, sodium dodecyl sulfate, phenol and chloroform. Centrifugation of this mixture separates the DNA from(More)
A set of GAL2+ yeast strains that are isogenic to strain S288C have been constructed. They contain non-reverting mutations in genes commonly used for selection for recombinant plasmids. Strains from this collection are being used for the European Union Yeast Genome Sequencing Programme. Representative strains from this collection have been deposited with(More)
The transcriptional adaptor protein Gcn5 has been identified as a nuclear histone acetyltransferase (HAT). Although recombinant yeast Gcn5 efficiently acetylates free histones, it fails to acetylate histones contained in nucleosomes, indicating that additional components are required for acetylation of chromosomal histones. We report here that Gcn5(More)
Previous studies have suggested that transcription elongation results in changes in chromatin structure. Here we present studies of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Spt6, a conserved protein implicated in both transcription elongation and chromatin structure. Our results show that, surprisingly, an spt6 mutant permits aberrant transcription initiation from within(More)
The transcription factors TFIID and SAGA are multi-subunit complexes involved in transcription by RNA polymerase II. TFIID and SAGA contain common TATA-binding protein (TBP)-associated factor (TAF(II)) subunits and each complex contains a subunit with histone acetyltransferase activity. These observations have raised questions about whether the functions of(More)
SAGA, a recently described protein complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is important for transcription in vivo and possesses histone acetylation function. Here we report both biochemical and genetic analyses of members of three classes of transcription regulatory factors contained within the SAGA complex. We demonstrate a correlation between the phenotypic(More)
Changes in chromatin structure have frequently been correlated with changes in transcription. However, the cause-and-effect relationship between chromatin structure and transcription has been hard to determine. In addition, identifying the proteins that regulate chromatin structure has been difficult. Recent evidence suggests that a functionally related set(More)
Previous characterization of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Spt4, Spt5, and Spt6 proteins suggested that these proteins act as transcription factors that modify chromatin structure. In this work, we report new genetic and biochemical studies of Spt4, Spt5, and Spt6 that reveal a role for these factors in transcription elongation. We have isolated conditional(More)
Genetic analysis has implicated SPT6, an essential gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in the control of chromatin structure. Mutations in SPT6 and particular mutations in histone genes are able to overcome transcriptional defects in strains lacking the Snf/Swi protein complex. Here it is shown that an spt6 mutation causes changes in chromatin structure in(More)
Previous studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae have demonstrated that cryptic promoters within coding regions activate transcription in particular mutants. We have performed a comprehensive analysis of cryptic transcription in order to identify factors that normally repress cryptic promoters, to determine the amount of cryptic transcription genome-wide, and(More)