Fred Sinowatz

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Oxygen radicals regulate many physiological processes, such as signaling, proliferation, and apoptosis, and thus play a pivotal role in pathophysiology and disease development. There are at least two thioredoxin reductase/thioredoxin/peroxiredoxin systems participating in the cellular defense against oxygen radicals. At present, relatively little is known(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible participation of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family members: FGF1, FGF2, and FGF7, and their receptor variants: FGFR, FGFR2IIIb, and FGFR2IIIc in theca interna (TI) and granulosa cell (GC) compartments of bovine follicles during final growth. A classification of follicles into five groups (<0.5;(More)
The endometrium plays a central role among the reproductive tissues in the context of early embryo-maternal communication and pregnancy. This study investigated transcriptome profiles of endometrium samples from day 18 pregnant vs non-pregnant heifers to get insight into the molecular mechanisms involved in conditioning the endometrium for embryo attachment(More)
To study the involvement of the IGFs in mammary development and lactation of the cow, the temporal expressions of IGF-I and -II, its receptor type 1 (IGFR-1), IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs)-1 to -6 and GH receptor (GHR) mRNA were examined. This was carried out for different stages of mammogenesis, lactogenesis, galactopoiesis and involution in the bovine(More)
The series of events associated with oocyte growth and maturation determines the oocyte's ability to undergo successful fertilization, cleavage and embryonic development. Among the molecules involved in these events, leptin has been identified as a modulator of oocyte function. Experiments were conducted to determine whether leptin treatment of oocytes(More)
Initiation and maintenance of pregnancy are critically dependent on an intact embryo-maternal communication in the preimplantation period. To get new insights into molecular mechanisms underlying this complex dialog, a holistic transcriptome study of endometrium samples from Day 18 pregnant vs. nonpregnant twin cows was performed. This genetically defined(More)
The selenoenzyme phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx) is regarded as the major molecular target of selenodeficiency in rodents, accounting for most of the histopathological and structural abnormalities of testicular tissue and male germ cells. PHGPx exists as a cytosolic form, mitochondrial form, and nuclear form (nPHGPx) predominantly(More)
AP-2 has been characterized previously as a unique 52 x 10(3) M(r) transcription activator encoded by a single gene that is expressed in a restricted pattern during embryonic morphogenesis of the peripheral nervous system, face, skin and nephric tissues. Here we report the isolation of genomic and cDNA clones encoding for a second AP-2 related transcription(More)
Pituitary LH and FSH are known to be the major regulators of ovarian function. In the last few years, however, there has been evidence that growth hormone (GH) is also involved in ovarian regulation. Therefore, the aim of our study was to elucidate the mechanisms of GH action during in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs). As(More)