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Oxygen radicals regulate many physiological processes, such as signaling, proliferation, and apoptosis, and thus play a pivotal role in pathophysiology and disease development. There are at least two thioredoxin reductase/thioredoxin/peroxiredoxin systems participating in the cellular defense against oxygen radicals. At present, relatively little is known(More)
Early embryonic development, implantation and maintenance of a pregnancy are critically dependent on an intact embryo-maternal communication. So far, only few signals involved in this dialogue have been identified. In bovine and other ruminants, interferon tau is the predominant embryonic pregnancy recognition signal, exhibiting antiluteolytic activity.(More)
Selenium is linked to male fertility. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4), first described as an antioxidant enzyme, is the predominant selenoenzyme in testis and has been suspected of being vital for spermatogenesis. Cytosolic, mitochondrial, and nuclear isoforms are all encoded by the same gene. While disruption of entire GPx4 causes early embryonic lethality(More)
Immediately after ovulation a neovascular response occurs at the level of the theca interna. Pericytes and endothelial cells of post-capillary venules locally remodel the surrounding stroma, elongate and migrate into the avascular granulosa folds of the ruptured follicle. In order to examine the composition of the extracellular matrix as well as the growth(More)
The mRNA of the zona pellucida glycoprotein ZP3 alpha was localized in frozen sections of pig ovaries, isolated oocytes and early embryos by in situ hybridization using biotinylated oligonucleotide probes. In follicles, the distribution of mRNA for ZP3 alpha was correlated with the developmental stage: in primordial and primary follicles, the mRNA was shown(More)
Histochemical monitoring of developmental processes is presently centered on protein-protein interactions. However, oligosaccharides have the potential to store and transmit biological information. Carbohydrate chains of cellular glycoconjugates present determinants for binding of endogenous lectins. This interaction can be relevant for developmental(More)
To study the involvement of the IGFs in mammary development and lactation of the cow, the temporal expressions of IGF-I and -II, its receptor type 1 (IGFR-1), IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs)-1 to -6 and GH receptor (GHR) mRNA were examined. This was carried out for different stages of mammogenesis, lactogenesis, galactopoiesis and involution in the bovine(More)
The emerging insights into glycan functionality direct increasing attention to monitor core modifications of N-glycans and branch-end structures. To address this issue in histochemistry, a panel of lectins with respective specificities was devised. The selection of probes with overlapping specificities facilitated to relate staining profiles to likely(More)
The oviduct is the physiological site for key events in reproduction, such as capacitation of spermatozoa, fertilization and early embryonic development. Interactions between oviduct epithelial cells and gametes or embryos cannot sufficiently be studied in vivo. Therefore, model systems are needed which mimic in vivo conditions most closely. In this study(More)
Pituitary LH and FSH are known to be the major regulators of ovarian function. In the last few years, however, there has been evidence that growth hormone (GH) is also involved in ovarian regulation. Therefore, the aim of our study was to elucidate the mechanisms of GH action during in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs). As(More)