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Early embryonic development, implantation and maintenance of a pregnancy are critically dependent on an intact embryo-maternal communication. So far, only few signals involved in this dialogue have been identified. In bovine and other ruminants, interferon tau is the predominant embryonic pregnancy recognition signal, exhibiting antiluteolytic activity.(More)
Oxygen radicals regulate many physiological processes, such as signaling, proliferation, and apoptosis, and thus play a pivotal role in pathophysiology and disease development. There are at least two thioredoxin reductase/thioredoxin/peroxiredoxin systems participating in the cellular defense against oxygen radicals. At present, relatively little is known(More)
Selenium is linked to male fertility. Glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4), first described as an antioxidant enzyme, is the predominant selenoenzyme in testis and has been suspected of being vital for spermatogenesis. Cytosolic, mitochondrial, and nuclear isoforms are all encoded by the same gene. While disruption of entire GPx4 causes early embryonic lethality(More)
Originally defined as a lymphokine inhibiting the random migration of macrophages, the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important mediator of the host response to infection. Beyond its function as a classical cytokine, MIF is currently portrayed as a multifunctional protein with growth-regulating properties present in organ systems beyond(More)
Immediately after ovulation a neovascular response occurs at the level of the theca interna. Pericytes and endothelial cells of post-capillary venules locally remodel the surrounding stroma, elongate and migrate into the avascular granulosa folds of the ruptured follicle. In order to examine the composition of the extracellular matrix as well as the growth(More)
It is now well established that oestrogen and progesterone are absolutely essential for mammary gland development. Lactation can be induced in non-pregnant animals by sex steroid hormone treatment. Most of the genomic actions of oestrogens are mediated by two oestrogen receptors (ER)-alpha and ERbeta, and for gestagens in ruminants by the progesterone(More)
Acidic extracts of guinea pig jejunum and colon contain atrial natriuretic peptide-like material (IR-ANP) detected by radioimmunoassay after purification by Sephadex G-50 gel filtration. Immunohistochemical analysis of guinea pig colon also revealed IR-ANP to be located directly beneath the lamina muscularis mucosae. High performance gel permeation(More)
The mRNA of the zona pellucida glycoprotein ZP3α was localized in frozen sections of pig ovaries, isolated oocytes and early embryos byin situ hybridization using biotinylated oligonucleotide probes. In follicles, the distribution of mRNA for ZP3α was correlated with the developmental stage: in primordial and primary follicles, the mRNA was shown to be(More)
The present study deals with immunohistochemical localization of S-100 protein in the bovine testis. Immunoreactivity for the protein was seen in Sertoli cells of the seminiferous tubules and as a particularly intense staining in the terminal tubular segment (transitional region, middle portion, and terminal plug), which is mainly composed of modified(More)
The selenoenzyme phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx) is regarded as the major molecular target of selenodeficiency in rodents, accounting for most of the histopathological and structural abnormalities of testicular tissue and male germ cells. PHGPx exists as a cytosolic form, mitochondrial form, and nuclear form (nPHGPx) predominantly(More)