Fred S. Fry

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The use of Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy and multivariate pattern recognition techniques for the rapid detection and identification of bacterial contamination in liquids was evaluated. The complex biochemical composition of bacteria yields FT-NIR vibrational transitions (overtone and combination bands) that can be used for(More)
The use of Fourier transform-near infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy combined with multivariate pattern recognition techniques was evaluated to address the need for a fast and senisitive method for the detection of bacterial contamination in liquids. The complex cellular composition of bacteria produces FT-NIR vibrational transitions (overtone and combination(More)
Dystal, an artificial neural network, was used to classify orange juice products. Nine varieties of oranges collected from six geographical regions were processed into single-strength, reconstituted or frozen concentrated orange juice. The data set represented 240 authentic and 173 adulterated samples of juices; 16 variables [8 flavone and flavanone(More)
A simple analytical procedure using FT-NIR and multivariate techniques for the rapid determination of individual sugars in fruit juices was evaluated. Different NIR detection devices and sample preparation methods were tested by using model solutions to determine their analytical performance. Aqueous solutions of sugar mixtures (glucose, fructose, and(More)
Capillary gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionization detection was used to determine the cellular fatty acid profiles of various food-borne microbial pathogens and to compare the fatty acid profiles of spores and vegetative cells of the same endospore-forming bacilli. Fifteen bacteria, representing eight genera (Staphylococcus, Listeria, Bacillus,(More)
The mechanism of chiral recognition has been investigated for a series of enantiomeric cis-oxazolidines on a commercially available high-performance liquid chromatographic chiral stationary phase (HPLC-CSP). The oxazolidine molecules were synthesized through the condensation of ephedrine and ephedrine-related molecules with aromatic aldehydes. The resulting(More)
Identification of bacterial species by profiling fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) has commonly been carried out by using a 20-min capillary gas chromatographic procedure followed by library matching of FAME profiles using commercial MIDI databases and proprietary pattern recognition software. Fast GC (5 min) FAME procedures and mass spectrometric(More)
Methodology was developed and evaluated for the rapid detection of castor bean meal (CBM) containing the toxic protein ricin by using Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy and multivariate techniques. The method is intended to be a prototype to develop a more general approach to detect food tampering. Measurements were made on an FT-NIR(More)
This study describes the application of filtration, infrared spectroscopy, and multivariate analysis to the identification of 10 foodborne bacterial species. The bacteria were applied by filtration to a disposable optical membrane that is transparent to infrared radiation. The filtration step was rapid (2 min). Observed cellular infrared spectra were unique(More)
A collaborative study of a method for determination of aflatoxins (AFs) B1, B2, G1, and G2 in olive oil, peanut oil, and sesame oil using immunoaffinity column cleanup, postcolumn derivatization, and LC with fluorescence detection, previously published in J. AOAC Int. 95, 1689-1700 (2012), was approved as First Action 2013.05 on March 29, 2013 by the(More)