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The beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) is a membrane-spanning glycoprotein that is the source of the beta-amyloid peptide (beta AP) which accumulates as senile plaques in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease. beta APP is normally processed such that a cleavage occurs within the beta AP, liberating secreted forms of beta APP (APPss) from(More)
A 44 amino acid peptide with growth hormone-releasing activity has been isolated from a human tumor of the pancreas that had caused acromegaly. The primary structure of the tumor-derived peptide is H-Tyr-Ala-Asp-Ala-Ile-Phe-Thr-Asn-Ser-Tyr-Arg-Lys-Val-Leu-Gly-Gln-Leu-Ser-Ala- Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-Gln-Asp-Ile-Met-Ser-Arg-Gln-Gln-Gly-Glu-Ser-Asn-Gln-Glu-Arg-Gly(More)
The validation of NGF as a physiologically important neurotrophic factor has led to intense efforts to identify novel polypeptide growth factors for neurons. We report here the details of a greater than 80,000-fold purification of a neurotrophic molecule, referred to as growth-promoting activity (GPA), from chicken sciatic nerves. The final product of the(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) are composed of two types of subunits: ACh-binding (termed alpha 2, alpha 3, alpha 4 ...) and structural (termed beta 2, beta 3, beta 4 ...). AChR subtypes composed of combinations of subunits of these two types encoded by several related genes are expressed in different parts of the nervous system, where(More)
Inhibin is a gonadal protein that specifically inhibits the secretion of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Two forms of inhibin (A and B) have been purified from porcine follicular fluid and characterized as heterodimers of relative molecular mass (Mr) 32,000 (ref. 2). Each inhibin is comprised of an identical alpha-subunit of Mr 18,000 and a(More)
A cDNA for purpurin, a secreted 20,000 dalton neural retina cell adhesion and survival protein, has been sequenced and expressed in mammalian cells. Purpurin mRNA is found in both embryonic and adult retina, but not the brain, heart, or liver. The protein is highly concentrated in the neural retina between the pigmented epithelium and the outer segments of(More)
Carboxypeptidase E (enkephalin convertase) was first identified as the carboxypeptidase B-like enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of enkephalin in bovine adrenal chromaffin granules. A similar enzyme is present in many brain regions and in purified secretory granules from rat pituitary and rat insulinoma. Within the secretory granules, carboxypeptidase E(More)
The concept of a hypothalamic neurohumoral control for anterior pituitary secretion postulates the existence of a growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) of neuronal origin that stimulates the pituitary gland to release growth hormone (GH). Such a compound has not yet been isolated and characterized from the brain, although there is extensive physiological(More)
The amyloid beta peptide (A beta P) is a small fragment of the much larger, broadly distributed amyloid precursor protein (APP). Abundant A beta P deposition in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease suggests that altered APP processing may represent a key pathogenic event. Direct protein structural analyses showed that constitutive processing in(More)
Antibodies have been raised to a synthetic peptide corresponding to the C-terminal 15-amino acid residues of prodynorphin, the common precursor to the neo-endorphins and dynorphins. The amino acid sequence of the antigen was based on the sequence deduced from mRNA isolated and cloned from porcine hypothalamus (Kakidani, H., Y. Furutani, H. Takahashi, M.(More)