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BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to investigate long-term cognitive and emotional sequelae of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), as previous research has remained inconclusive with respect to their prevalence and extent. METHOD Thirty-three individuals who had sustained mTBI on average 6 years prior to the study and 33 healthy control subjects(More)
Idiopathic environmental intolerance (IEI), also known as multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), is defined as a chronic polysymptomatic condition that cannot be explained by an organic disease. Previous studies suggest that IEI may be a variant of somatoform disorders (SFD), because both disorders overlap with respect to symptoms and psychological features(More)
Studies evaluating attentional biases in health anxiety have produced equivocal results. Little is known about the details and potential moderators of prioritized processing of illness related information. We compared individuals with health anxiety (HAG; N = 54) to not health anxious participants (CG; N = 53) in a blocked emotional Stroop paradigm.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that idiopathic environmental intolerance (IEI) is a variant of somatoform disorders (SFDs) or the so-called functional somatic syndromes. Little is known, however, about the stability and the psychological predictors of IEI. METHOD This prospective study examined the 1-year stability of somatic symptoms and IEI(More)
Although people suffering from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) often report arousal symptoms, psychophysiological studies show no evidence of autonomic hyperarousal. Hypersensitivity toward and catastrophic interpretation of phasic arousal cues may explain this discrepancy. The authors tested (a) whether GAD sufferers perceive nonspecific skin(More)
Social phobics have an increased risk of alcoholism. The mechanism behind this co-morbidity is not well understood. According to the appraisal-disruption model [Sayette, M. A. (1993). An appraisal-disruption model of alcohol's effects on stress responses in social drinkers. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 459-476], alcohol disrupts appraisal of threat stimuli(More)
  • Anna Höcker, Margarita Engberding, Ruth Haferkamp, Fred Rist
  • 2012
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund: Pathologisches Aufschieben (Prokrastination) ist eine klinisch bedeutsame Störung der Selbststeuerung, die besonders in Beratungsund Psychotherapieeinrichtungen an Universitäten gut bekannt ist. Trotzdem gibt es bisher kaum systematisch evaluierte Behandlungsmethoden. In der vorliegenden Studie wird die Wirksamkeit der Methode(More)
Using a serial reaction-time task, the implicit memory performances of 29 high scoring (schizotypes) and 24 low scoring subjects (controls) on the German version of the 1997 Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire by Klein, Andresen, and Jahn were compared. To test the hypothesis that schizotypes show a differential deficit, subjects participated either in a(More)
According to cognitive behavioural models of social phobia, bodily symptoms are the main source of information concerning social evaluation for social phobics. Experience and perception of bodily symptoms therefore play an important role in social anxiety. In this study we evaluated the effects of anxiety visibility on patients and controls using feedback(More)
The Patient Rejection Scale (RPS), which was developed to assess rejecting attitudes and feelings of relatives toward mental patients, was administered to a German sample of 44 family members or significant others living with first-admitted schizophrenics. Both at admission (t 0) and 6 months later (t 6), the PRS was significantly correlated with the number(More)