Fred R. Naider

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We have identified nine oligopeptide transporter (OPT) orthologs (AtOPT1 to AtOPT9) in Arabidopsis. These proteins show significant sequence similarity to OPTs of Candida albicans (CaOpt1p), Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Isp4p), and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Opt1p and Opt2p). Hydrophilicity plots of the OPTs suggest that they are integral membrane proteins(More)
We have recently cloned an oligopeptide transport gene from Candida albicans denoted OPT1. This gene showed significant sequence similarity to three open reading frames (ORFs) with no previously established function: isp4 from Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae YJL212C and YPR194C, identified during the genome project. The S. pombe gene(More)
We have identified an oligopeptide transporter in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae which mediates the uptake of tetra- and pentapeptides, including the endogenous opioids leucine enkephalin (Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Leu) and methionine enkephalin (Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Met). The transporter is encoded by the gene OPT1. Yeast expressing OPT1 can utilize enkephalins to(More)
The model eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two distinct peptide transport mechanisms, one for di-/tripeptides (the PTR system) and another for tetra-/pentapeptides (the OPT system). The PTR system consists of three genes, PTR1, PTR2 and PTR3. The transporter (Ptr2p), encoded by the gene PTR2, is a 12 transmembrane domain (TMD) integral membrane(More)
In a microsome system rendered competent in protein translation by the addition of rabbit reticulocyte lysate, co-translational insertion and glycosylation of N-linked glycoproteins is observed when the appropriate mRNA is supplied. We have utilized this system to examine the ability of acceptor tripeptides of the type Asn-X-Thr/Ser to inhibit(More)
In a variety of fungal species, mating between haploid cells is initiated by the action of peptide pheromones. The identification and characterization of several fungal pheromones has revealed that they have common structural features classifying them as lipopeptides. In the course of biosynthesis, these pheromones undergo a series of posttranslational(More)
A plasmid vector was developed that permitted high-level expression of a functional form of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae alpha-factor receptor (the STE2 gene product) tagged at its C-terminal end with an epitope (FLAG) and a His6 tract. When expressed in yeast from this plasmid, Ste2p was produced at a level at least 3-fold higher than that reported(More)
Peptide models have been widely used to investigate conformational aspects of domains of proteins since the early 1950s. A pioneer in this field was Dr. Murray Goodman, who applied a battery of methodologies to study the onset of structure in homooligopeptides. This article reviews some of Dr. Goodman's contributions, and reports recent studies using linear(More)
Prototrophic Saccharomyces cerevisiae X2180, when grown on unsupplemented minimal medium, displayed little sensitivity to ethionine- and m-fluorophenylalanine-containing toxic dipeptides. We examined the influence of the 20 naturally occurring amino acids on sensitivity to toxic dipeptides. A number of these amino acids, at concentrations as low as 1 microM(More)
Proline residues confer unique structural constraints on peptide chains and markedly influence the susceptibility of proximal peptide bonds to protease activity. This review presents a critical analysis of peptidases involved in the cleavage of proline-containing peptide bonds, with particular attention to the role of proline peptidases in the regulation of(More)