Learn More
Functional mast cells have been isolated from the lamina propria of the small intestine of rats infected with the nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. The cells released histamine on challenge with specific antigen, anti-rat IgE, concanavalin A, and calcium ionophores but were less responsive than peritoneal mast cells (MMC) from the same animals.(More)
Quercetin, a naturally occurring flavonol structurally related to the antiallergic drug disodium cromoglycate inhibits anaphylactic histamine release from MMC isolated from the small bowel LP of the rat previously infected with the nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. This contrasts with our previous observation that cromoglycate is inactive in this(More)
We have attempted to reproduce the findings of Benveniste and co-workers, who reported in 1988 that degranulation of human basophil leukocytes is triggered by very dilute (10(2)-10(120)) antiserum against IgE. The results were contrary to conventional scientific theory and were not satisfactorily explained. Following as closely as possible the methods of(More)
Increasing evidence for the existence of inter- and intra-species mast cell heterogeneity has expanded the potential biological role of this cell. Early studies suggesting that mast cells at mucosal sites differ morphologically and histochemically from connective tissue mast cells have been confirmed using isolated intestinal mucosal mast cells in the rat(More)
Hyaluronidase has been purified from the venom of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. The purification proved remarkably difficult, requiring a large number of chromatographic steps culminating in the removal of traces of phospholipase A2 with an affinity purified rabbit anti-phospholipase A2 immunosorbent column. The purified enzyme showed a 1143-fold increase(More)
A method is described for the enzymic dispersion into their component cells of cardiac tissues from the rat and guinea-pig. The resulting suspensions contain ca. 1% free mast cells and exhibit a low spontaneous release of histamine. The reactivity of these cells towards a number of defined chemical histamine liberators is compared with that of other(More)
We have developed a procedure for the dispersion of mast cells from the intestinal lamina propria (LP) and epithelium of rats infected with the intestinal nematode, Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. The dispersed cells are morphologically and histochemically similar to intestinal mucosal mast cells (MMC) in situ and are distinguishable from peritoneal mast(More)
Nedocromil sodium and sodium cromoglycate inhibited histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells. Tachyphylaxis was observed with both drugs. The 2 compounds were extremely selective in their action, being less active against peritoneal mast cells from the hamster and completely ineffective against mast cells from the mouse. Human basophil leucocytes,(More)