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To identify selective steps in metastasis, those that eliminate nonmetastatic tumor cells more efficiently than metastatic cells, we have evaluated the sequential dissemination of tumor cells from a mammary fatpad, using both metastatic (4T1 and 66cl4) and nonmetastatic (67NR, 168FARN, and 4TO7) subpopulations of a single mouse mammary tumor. Each of these(More)
A human cell line (MCF10A) originated from spontaneous immortalization of breast epithelial cells obtained from a patient with fibrocystic disease. MCF10A cells do not survive in vivo in immunodeficient mice. However, T24 c-Ha-ras oncogene-transfected MCF10A cells (MCF10AT) form small nodules in nude/beige mice that persist for at least 1 year and(More)
Three distinct subpopulations of tumor cells derived from a single parent strain BALB/cfC3H mammary adenocarcinoma were tested in vivo for sensitivity to cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil. Treatment was begun either 2 days after s.c. tumor cell injection or at the time when the tumors became palpable. It was given on a weekly basis for 4(More)
Breast cancer affects approximately one woman in twelve and kills more women than any other cancer. If detected early, patients have a five year survival rate of 66%, but once metastatic disease has developed, there is no effective treatment. About 70% of patients with metastatic disease have bone involvement, while lungs and liver are the other common(More)
BACKGROUND Progression of proliferative breast disease has been associated with increased risk for development of invasive carcinoma. Cell lines have been developed to facilitate the study of this process. Human cell line MCF10A originated from spontaneous immortalization of breast epithelial cells obtained from a patient with fibrocystic disease, and cell(More)
The frequency of metastasis formed by tumor cells injected into lateral tail veins, mammary fatpads, or the subcutis are described for eight subpopulations of a single, spontaneously arising BALB/cfC3H mouse mammary tumor. These subpopulations display a spectrum of metastatic behavior from all three injection sites. The proportion of animals with metastases(More)
When mixtures of cell lines 168 and 4T07, both derived from the same mouse mammary tumor, were injected into syngeneic mice, the resulting tumors, analyzed over a large size range by colony-forming assays in selective media, consisted primarily of line 4T07, even when the ratio injected was 100:1 or greater in favor of line 168. This result indicated a(More)
The MCF10 series of cell lines was derived from benign breast tissue from a woman with fibrocystic disease. The MCF10 human breast epithelial model system consists of mortal MCF10M and MCF10MS (mortal cells grown in serum-free and serum-containing media, respectively), immortalized but otherwise normal MCF10F and MCF10A lines (free-floating versus growth as(More)
Diabetes is a common disease with many cutaneous manifestations encountered by dermatologists. Diabetes and the skin may be linked by association (e.g., necrobiosis lipoidica); infection; diabetic complication (e.g., neuropathic ulcer); or treatment reaction. Review of recent studies and reports focuses on pathogenesis and treatment of these many diabetic(More)
PURPOSE Drug resistance and metastasis pose major impediments in the successful treatment of cancer. We previously reported that multidrug-resistant breast cancer cells exhibit high levels of tissue transglutaminase (TG2; EC 2.3.2.13). Because the drug-resistant and metastatic phenotypes are thought to share some common pathways, we sought to determine(More)