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Concentrations of LH, cortisol, estradiol-17beta (E(2)), prolactin and 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGFM) were determined in cows with experimentally induced clinical mastitis during early lactation. Cows free of intramammary infection (IMI) and in the luteal phase of the estrous cycle were balanced by lactation number and days in milk and(More)
Yearling beef bulls were subjected to a breeding soundness examination (BSE) at completion of performance testing programs at 4 locations over 5 years. Of 862 bulls, 80.1% were classified as satisfactory potential breeders, 7.3% as questionable potential breeders, and 12.7% as unsatisfactory potential breeders. Year (P less than 0.01), location (P less than(More)
In 1997, Wilmut et al. announced the birth of Dolly, the first ever clone of an adult animal. To date, adult sheep, goats, cattle, mice, pigs, cats and rabbits have been cloned using somatic cell nuclear transfer. The ultimate challenge of cloning procedures is to reprogram the somatic cell nucleus for development of the early embryo. The cell type of(More)
The role of neutrophils in the development of peracute lung lesions of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was investigated. Eight calves were divided into two groups of four calves each. Group I was treated with intravenous phosphate-buffered saline and served as the neutrophil sufficient calves. Group II was treated with intravenous hydroxyurea which produced(More)
The ability of the bovine pulmonary macrophage (PM) to phagocytize Pasteurella haemolytica in its logarithmic and declining phases of growth was characterized. Pulmonary macrophages were harvested from bovine lungs before and after their in vivo exposure to P haemolytica. The PM from each lavage period phagocytized P haemolytica in the declining phase of(More)
Embryonic survival after administration of oxytocin (OT) was examined in 42 beef cows. All cows were bred (Day 0) and randomly assigned to receive either 25 mL saline (CON; n = 10), 100 IU OT + 20 mL saline (OT; n = 12), 100 IU OT + 1 g flunixin meglumine (OT + FM; inhibitor of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase; n = 10), or 100 IU OT + lutectomy (OT +(More)
Four calves (control animals) were inoculated (by aerosol) with Cooper's strain of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) virus given with an ultrasonic nebulizer. Seven other calves (principals) were inoculated (by aerosol) with a noncytopathic strain of bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus and 7 days later, with IBR virus. The calves were killed 3 to 8 days(More)
Five 6-month-old calves were inoculated with bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus (n = 3) or Pasteurella haemolytica (n = 2) endobronchially with a fiberoptic bronchoscope. Five additional calves were inoculated sequentially with BVD virus followed by P haemolytica at a 5-day interval. Blood samples were collected daily from the calves for bacterial isolation.(More)
Our objective was to perform a retrospective analysis of breeding soundness evaluations (BSEs) as classified by the 1993 Society for Theriogenology (SFT) guidelines [Chenoweth et al., Guidelines for using the bull breeding soundness evaluation form, in: Theriogenology Handbook, 1993, pp. B-10]. Data included BSE information obtained from five(More)