Fred M Hopkins

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Concentrations of LH, cortisol, estradiol-17beta (E(2)), prolactin and 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGFM) were determined in cows with experimentally induced clinical mastitis during early lactation. Cows free of intramammary infection (IMI) and in the luteal phase of the estrous cycle were balanced by lactation number and days in milk and(More)
In 1997, Wilmut et al. announced the birth of Dolly, the first ever clone of an adult animal. To date, adult sheep, goats, cattle, mice, pigs, cats and rabbits have been cloned using somatic cell nuclear transfer. The ultimate challenge of cloning procedures is to reprogram the somatic cell nucleus for development of the early embryo. The cell type of(More)
Yearling beef bulls were subjected to a breeding soundness examination (BSE) at completion of performance testing programs at 4 locations over 5 years. Of 862 bulls, 80.1% were classified as satisfactory potential breeders, 7.3% as questionable potential breeders, and 12.7% as unsatisfactory potential breeders. Year (P less than 0.01), location (P less than(More)
A significant percentage of cows (11%) fail to release the placenta within 12 h postpartum. Failure of collagen breakdown seems to be related to the retention of placentas. Sections of placentomes incubated with bacterial collagenase caused an increase in placentome proteolysis (6.6-fold) and placentome collagenolysis (94-fold) within 4 h in a dose-related(More)
The ability of the bovine pulmonary macrophage (PM) to phagocytize Pasteurella haemolytica in its logarithmic and declining phases of growth was characterized. Pulmonary macrophages were harvested from bovine lungs before and after their in vivo exposure to P haemolytica. The PM from each lavage period phagocytized P haemolytica in the declining phase of(More)
Five 6-month-old calves were inoculated with bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus (n = 3) or Pasteurella haemolytica (n = 2) endobronchially with a fiberoptic bronchoscope. Five additional calves were inoculated sequentially with BVD virus followed by P haemolytica at a 5-day interval. Blood samples were collected daily from the calves for bacterial isolation.(More)
This study examined a mesh wrap technique that provides effective hepatic tamponade and clinical experience with the technique in 6 patients is reported. Technical feasibility and effectiveness were investigated in 8 miniature swine. The animals were divided into two groups: group A (n = 4), control animals; stellate liver lacerations without mesh wrap or(More)
Four calves (control animals) were inoculated (by aerosol) with Cooper's strain of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) virus given with an ultrasonic nebulizer. Seven other calves (principals) were inoculated (by aerosol) with a noncytopathic strain of bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus and 7 days later, with IBR virus. The calves were killed 3 to 8 days(More)
Fetal membranes usually are released from the uterus between 2 and 6 postpartum hours. However, in a substantial percentage of cows (11%), fetal membranes are retained for several days. In part, failure of collagen breakdown seems to be related to retention of fetal membranes. Injections of 200,000 U of bacterial collagenase in 1,000 ml of physiologic(More)
The role of neutrophils in the development of peracute lung lesions of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis was investigated. Eight calves were divided into two groups of four calves each. Group I was treated with intravenous phosphate-buffered saline and served as the neutrophil sufficient calves. Group II was treated with intravenous hydroxyurea which produced(More)