Fred Lyagoba

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The effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 envelope subtypes A and D on disease progression was investigated in 1045 adults in Uganda. At enrollment and every 6 months, a clinical history, examination, and laboratory investigations that included CD4 cell counts were done. HIV-1 envelope subtype was assessed mainly by peptide serology(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of HIV-1 envelope subtypes on disease progression in a rural cohort of Ugandan adults where two major HIV-1 subtypes (A and D) exist. METHODS Participants of a clinical cohort seen between December 1995 and December 1998 had blood collected for HIV-1 subtyping. These included prevalent cases (people already infected with(More)
We investigated for the first time the subtype distribution, prevalence of multiple HIV-1 infections, sexual networks, and partnership histories in a cohort of women engaged in high-risk sexual behavior such as female sex workers (FSWs) and women employed in entertainment facilities. Viral RNA was extracted from blood samples collected from 324(More)
To evaluate transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance and study the natural polymorphism in pol of HIV-1 strains of newly diagnosed women attending an antenatal clinic in Uganda we sequenced the protease and reverse transcriptase genes for 46 HIV-1 strains from the threshold surveillance. Of the 46 sequences analyzed, 48.0% were subtype A1 (n 22), 39.0% subtype D(More)
A pilot study was undertaken with the objective of developing a simple, economical, and efficient algorithm through which to subtype HIV-1 in a large epidemiological cohort study in Uganda. A peptide enzyme immunoassay (PEIA) employing both V3 and gp41 regions and a heteroduplex mobility assay (HMA) were evaluated in comparison with DNA sequencing. Of 146(More)
The molecular epidemiology of a population-based cohort in a cluster of 15 villages in southwestern Uganda was investigated by sequencing part of the p24 gag gene and performing heteroduplex mobility assays (HMAs) of the V3 region of the env gene. Sequence and HMA data, obtained for 69 and 88 proviruses, respectively, showed that the clade A and D viruses(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) prevalence and incidence in the fishing communities on Lake Victoria in Uganda are high. This population may play a role in driving the HIV epidemic in Uganda including the spread of transmitted drug resistance (TDR). We report data on TDR in this population among antiretroviral (ARV)-naive, recently infected(More)
Dried blood spots (DBS) are an alternative specimen type for HIV drug resistance genotyping in resource-limited settings. Data relating to the impact of DBS storage and shipment conditions on genotyping efficiency under field conditions are limited. We compared the genotyping efficiencies and resistance profiles of DBS stored and shipped at different(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated virological response and the emergence of resistance in the Nevirapine or Abacavir (NORA) substudy of the Development of Antiretroviral Treatment in Africa (DART) trial. METHODS Six hundred symptomatic antiretroviral-naive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults (CD4 cell count, <200 cells/mm(3)) from 2 Ugandan(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the resistance mutations selected by a first-line regimen of zidovudine/lamivudine/tenofovir in the absence of real-time viral load monitoring. DESIGN A substudy of 300 participants from the Development of Antiretroviral Therapy in Africa trial in Uganda and Zimbabwe, which compared managing antiretroviral therapy with and without(More)