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Although an association between the product of the familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) gene, presenilin 1 (PS1), and beta-catenin has been reported recently, the cellular consequences of this interaction are unknown. Here, we show that both the full length and the C-terminal fragment of wild-type or FAD mutant PS1 interact with beta-catenin from transfected(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)4α is a central regulator of gene expression in cell types that play a critical role in metabolic homeostasis, including hepatocytes, enterocytes, and pancreatic β cells. Although fatty acids were found to occupy the HNF4α ligand-binding pocket and were proposed to act as ligands, there is controversy about both the nature of(More)
Isolation of endocrine cell precursors from the human fetal pancreas will be important to the study of islet cytodifferentiation and eventually for islet transplantation in insulin-dependent diabetes. These precursor cells, from which all four islet endocrine cell types arise, are present within fetal pancreatic ductal epithelium. After enzymatic digestion(More)
Many organisms that withstand desiccation express the disaccharide trehalose. We have now expressed the otsA and otsB genes of Escherichia coli, which encode trehalose biosynthetic enzymes, in human primary fibroblasts using a recombinant adenovirus vector. Infected cells produced increased amounts of trehalose with increasing multiplicity of infection(More)
Replication-defective mutants of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) may prove useful as vectors for gene transfer, particularly to nondividing cells. Cgal delta 3 is an immediate-early gene 3 (IE 3) deletion mutant of HSV-1 that expresses the lacZ gene of Escherichia coli from the human cytomegalovirus immediate-early control region but does not express(More)
Clinical features are reported for 37 patients with various mitochondrial disorders, treated with sodium dichloroacetate (DCA) for 3 weeks to 7 years (mean 3.25 years) at 11-50 mg/kg/day (34.6+/-13.1) in an open-label format. DCA pharmacokinetics showed half-times approximately 86 min for the first intravenous dose of 50 mg/kg, 3.2 h for a subsequent(More)
We tested a "standard" cryopreservation protocol (slow cooling with 10% DMSO) on the human embryonic stem cell (hESC) line H9 containing an Oct-4 (POU5F1) promoter-driven, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter to monitor maintenance of pluripotency. Cells were cooled to -80 degrees C in cryovials and then transferred to a -80 degrees C freezer.(More)
The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor NeuroD1 regulates cell fate in the nervous system but previously has not been considered to function similarly in the endocrine pancreas due to its reported expression in all islet cell types in the newborn mouse. Because we found that NeuroD1 potently represses somatostatin expression in vitro, its pattern of(More)
We have studied the factors that influence the efficiency of infection of human fetal and adult pancreatic endocrine cells with adenovirus, murine retrovirus, and lentivirus vectors all expressing the green fluorescent protein (Ad-GFP, MLV-GFP, and Lenti-GFP, respectively). Adenoviral but not retroviral vectors efficiently infected intact pancreatic islets(More)
Widespread application of beta-cell replacement strategies for diabetes is dependent upon the availability of an unlimited supply of cells exhibiting appropriate glucose-responsive insulin secretion. Therefore, a great deal of effort has been focused on understanding the factors that control beta-cell growth. Previously, we found that human(More)