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In the mammalian retina, light signals generated in photoreceptors are passed to bipolar and horizontal cells via synaptic contacts. In various pathological conditions, these second-order neurons extend neurites into the outer nuclear layer (ONL). However, the molecular events associated with this neurite outgrowth are not known. Here, we characterized the(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a group of genetically heterogeneous, severe retinal diseases commonly leading to legal blindness. Mutations in the CNGB1a subunit of the rod cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channel have been found to cause RP in patients. Here, we demonstrate the efficacy of gene therapy as a potential treatment for RP by means of recombinant(More)
The mechanism by which the rat T cell alloantigen, RT-6.2, is attached to the membrane was investigated. Treatment of rat lymph node and T-hybridoma cells with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) caused a substantial reduction in the amount of RT-6.2 on the cell surface. No significant release of a rat T helper marker (visualized by the(More)
Cell death in neurodegenerative diseases is often thought to be governed by apoptosis; however, an increasing body of evidence suggests the involvement of alternative cell death mechanisms in neuronal degeneration. We studied retinal neurodegeneration using 10 different animal models, covering all major groups of hereditary human blindness (rd1, rd2, rd10,(More)
RT6 is an unusual cell membrane protein that is expressed exclusively by postthymic T cells. The inherent defect in its expression has been correlated to lymphopenia and genetically determined susceptibility for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in the rat. We report here the primary structure of the RT6.2 alloantigen as deduced from the cDNA sequence.(More)
Utilizing allotype-specific antibodies to immunoprecipitate RT6.2 from DA.6B rat lymphocyte lysates, we have shown this antigen recently to be composed of two related, non-glycosylated polypeptides with apparent molecular weights (MW) of 24,000 and 26,000 (reducing conditions), which evidently are anchored in the cell membrane by covalent linkage to(More)
This review deals with the events which are triggered in tissue culture cells upon exposure to medium hyperosmolarity, to virus infection and to inducers of terminal differentiation. Increased medium osmolarity mimics, in several ways, events which follow infection of cells by cytopathogenic viruses. These are: inhibition of uptake of amino acids, glucose(More)
Initiation of protein synthesis in tissue culture cells is rapidly inhibited or blocked by addition of either DMSO, ethanol, TPCK, cytochalasin B, or sucrose to the growth medium. In contrast, these agents do not interfere with the initiation of protein synthesis in cell-free extracts to a comparable extent. These results support the hypothesis that protein(More)