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MOTIVATION Data that characterize primary and tertiary structures of proteins are now accumulating at a rapid and accelerating rate and require automated computational tools to extract critical information relating amino acid changes with the spectrum of functionally attributes exhibited by a protein. We propose that immunoglobulin-type beta-domains, which(More)
Chronically ill elderly clients in three communities in the Netherlands were provided with the services of care coordinators. Two studies were performed to evaluate the effects of this intervention. A study among 38 coordinators addressed the effects on the continuity of care. A second study among 72 elderly clients addressed the effects on client(More)
  • F J Stevens
  • 2000
Antibody light chains (LCs) comprise the most structurally diverse family of proteins involved in amyloidosis. Many antibody LCs incorporate structural features that impair their stability and solubility, leading to their assembly into fibrils and to their subsequent pathological deposition when produced in excess during multiple myeloma and primary(More)
Membrane proteins have a significantly higher Trp content than do soluble proteins. This is especially true for the M and L subunits of the photosynthetic reaction center from purple bacteria. The Trp residues are not uniformly distributed through the membrane but are concentrated at the periplasmic side of the complex. In addition, Trp residues are not(More)
The most common form of systemic amyloidosis originates from antibody light chains. The large number of amino acid variations that distinguish amyloidogenic from nonamyloidogenic light chain proteins has impeded our understanding of the structural basis of light-chain fibril formation. Moreover, even among the subset of human light chains that are(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a major protein folding compartment for secreted, plasma membrane and organelle proteins. Each of these newly-synthesized polypeptides folds in a deterministic process, affected by the unique conditions that exist in the ER. An understanding of protein folding in the ER is a fundamental biomolecular challenge at two levels.(More)
Congo red (CR) has been reported to inhibit or enhance amyloid fibril formation by several proteins. To gain insight into the mechanism(s) for these apparently paradoxical effects, we studied as a model amyloidogenic protein, a dimeric immunoglobulin light chain variable domain. With a range of molar ratios of CR, i.e. r = [CR]/[protein dimer], we(More)
The transition states for prenucleation assembly, nucleation, and growth of aggregates and amyloid fibrils were investigated for a dimeric immunoglobulin light chain variable domain, employing pressure, temperature, and solutes as variables. Pressure-induced aggregation was nucleation-dependent and first-order in protein concentration and could be seeded.(More)
Certain types of human light chains have the propensity to deposit pathologically as amyloid fibrils as evidenced by the preferential association of monoclonal lambda 6 proteins with AL amyloidosis. However, the molecular features that render such proteins amyloidogenic have not been elucidated. Based upon the demonstrated relationship between the(More)