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The presence of spiral bacteria in the feline stomach has been recognized for over a century, but the identities and degrees of prevalence of such organisms in privately owned cats are still poorly documented. The aims of this study were (i) to adapt different diagnostic tools and evaluate their practicality for diagnosing feline gastric Helicobacter(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX), the key enzyme for synthesis of prostaglandins, exists in two isoforms (COX-1 and COX-2). COX-1 is constitutively expressed in the gastrointestinal tract in large quantities and has been suggested to maintain mucosal integrity through continuous generation of prostaglandins. COX-2 is induced predominantly during inflammation. On this(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant colorectal polyps are defined as endoscopically removed polyps with cancerous tissue which has invaded the submucosa. Various histological criteria exist for managing these patients. AIMS To determine the significance of histological findings of patients with malignant polyps. METHODS Five pathologists reviewed the specimens of 85(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Gastrin and cholecystokinin (CCK) are gut-brain peptides, with multiple functions in the gastrointestinal tract mediated through CCK-B-gastrin and CCK-A receptors. The receptor localization is, however, not well established in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution and pharmacological characteristics of CCK-A and(More)
An increasing number of case reports and controlled trials have drawn attention to NSAID-induced side effects in the lower gastrointestinal tract. In this review we also report 9 cases of colonic ulcers and 7 cases of diaphragm disease of the ascending colon, most of them associated with the long-term intake of slow release diclofenac. NSAIDs not only can(More)
OBJECTIVES In prospective trials in patients with malignant biliary obstruction, it has been reported that Wallstents prolong stent patency, but this does not translate into a significant survival benefit. Compared with prospective trials, however, survival may be different in clinical practice because of differences in patient compliance. We report on a(More)
We describe the clinicopathological features of six patients, two with rheumatoid arthritis and four with osteoarthritis, in whom intake of sustained-release diclofenac for one or more years was associated with ulceration and or stricture of the ascending colon. All were referred for further evaluation of anemia and changes in bowel habits. Three had(More)
Lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) was studied by intraluminal perfusion-manometry in the resting state and after graded intravenous doses of pentagastrin in 12 healthy subjects and 27 patients with reflux esophagitis. These patients were classified as having ulcerative (11) or non-ulcerative esophagitis (16) by histological examination and(More)
In patients with complicated high benign biliary strictures surgical technique alone cannot exclude the possibility of recurrent problems, and hepatic atrophy/hypertrophy, portal hypertension and intrahepatic stones may all complicate surgical management. A multidisciplinary approach to these complex cases, which minimizes the need for repeated surgical(More)