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In a positron emission tomography (PET) study, a very large visual display was used to simulate continuous observer roll, yaw, and linear movement in depth. A global analysis based on all three experiments identified brain areas that responded to the three conditions' shared characteristic of coherent, wide-field motion versus incoherent motion. Several(More)
The brain areas involved in processing wide field-of-view (FOV) coherent and incoherent visual stimuli were studied using positron emission tomography (PET). The brains of nine subjects were scanned as they viewed texture patterns moving in the roll plane. Five visual conditions were used: (1) coherent clockwise (CW) wide-FOV (>100 degrees) roll motion; (2)(More)
The origins of cerebral lateralization in humans are traced to the asymmetric prenatal development of the ear and labyrinth. Aural lateralization is hypothesized to result from an asymmetry in craniofacial development, whereas vestibular dominance is traced to the position of the fetus during the final trimester. A right-ear sensitivity advantage may(More)
Feature-conjunction search performance was investigated as a function of the target's location in three-dimensional (3-D) space. Ten subjects viewed a display that contained 36 shapes, one of which was the target. The targets were presented in one of four quadrants, three depths, and three eccentricities. On a given trial, nontarget distractor shapes were(More)
Subjects were shown a stimulus (diffuse light or a checkerboard pattern with checks subtending 12' or 35' of arc) and were instructed to remember and attend (give a reaction time response to or count) that stimulus during the course of an approximately 6-min trial. A trial consisted of the random presentation of 8 stimulus flashes (diffuse light and(More)
The neuropsychology of religious activity in normal and selected clinical populations is reviewed. Religious activity includes beliefs, experiences, and practice. Neuropsychological and functional imaging findings, many of which have derived from studies of experienced meditators, point to a ventral cortical axis for religious behavior, involving primarily(More)
A set of research findings is described that deals with three principal laboratory measures of visual orientation (vection and postural and manual control). Two studies are highlighted, one of which compared the latencies of vection and visually induced postural change and the other of which investigated manual tracking under visually disorienting(More)