Fred H. Previc

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The neuropsychological literature on 3-D spatial interactions is integrated using a model of 4 major behavioral realms: (a) peripersonal (visuomotor operations in near-body space), (b) focal extrapersonal (visual search and object recognition), (c) action extrapersonal (orienting in topographically defined space), and (d) ambient extrapersonal (orienting in(More)
The origins of cerebral lateralization in humans are traced to the asymmetric prenatal development of the ear and labyrinth. Aural lateralization is hypothesized to result from an asymmetry in craniofacial development, whereas vestibular dominance is traced to the position of the fetus during the final trimester. A right-ear sensitivity advantage may(More)
A general theory is proposed that attributes the origins of human intelligence to an expansion of dopaminergic systems in human cognition. Dopamine is postulated to be the key neurotransmitter regulating six predominantly left-hemispheric cognitive skills critical to human language and thought: motor planning, working memory, cognitive flexibility, abstract(More)
The brain areas involved in processing wide field-of-view (FOV) coherent and incoherent visual stimuli were studied using positron emission tomography (PET). The brains of nine subjects were scanned as they viewed texture patterns moving in the roll plane. Five visual conditions were used: (1) coherent clockwise (CW) wide-FOV (>100°) roll motion; (2)(More)
In a positron emission tomography (PET) study, a very large visual display was used to simulate continuous observer roll, yaw, and linear movement in depth. A global analysis based on all three experiments identified brain areas that responded to the three conditions’ shared characteristic of coherent, wide-field motion versus incoherent motion. Several(More)
Twelve healthy men underwent measurement of their carotid-cardiac baroreflex response during varying conditions of vestibulo-oculomotor stimulation to test the hypothesis that vestibular and/or oculomotor stimulation associated with head movements in the yaw plane inhibit baroreflex control of heart rate. We assessed the carotid-cardiac baroreflex response(More)
This study compared the latencies of visually induced postural change and self-motion perception under identical visual conditions. The results showed that a visual roll stimulus elicits postural tilt in the direction of scene motion and an increase in postural instability several seconds before the subject begins to perceive illusory self-motion (vection)(More)
The relationship between the effects of visual-surround roll motion on compensatory manual tracking of a central display and the perceptual phenomena of induced motion and vection were investigated. To determine if manual-control biases generated in the direction of surround rotation compensate primarily for the perceived counterrotation of the central(More)
Subjects were shown a stimulus (diffuse light or a checkerboard pattern with checks subtending 12' or 35' of arc) and were instructed to remember and attend (give a reaction time response to or count) that stimulus during the course of an approximately 6-min trial. A trial consisted of the random presentation of 8 stimulus flashes (diffuse light and(More)