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Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) is a condition characterized by muscle pain, swelling, and weakness following some exertional stress, with or without concomitant heat stress. Athletes who experience ER often present to the emergency department, the training room, or the physician's office seeking guidance and care for this condition, often feeling it is(More)
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome of the lower leg is a well-described and documented cause of exercise-related pain in recreational, elite, and military athletes. Although this condition is common, the exact underlying mechanisms, those most at risk, long-term effects on muscular strength if unrecognized, and prevention strategies are relatively(More)
BACKGROUND Foot friction blisters in military personnel lessen a soldier's mobility, concentration, and critical decision-making skills. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with friction blisters during deployment in all military personnel who nonurgently presented to the 28th Combat Support Hospital. METHODS A(More)
The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) developed a musculoskeletal ultrasound curriculum for sports medicine fellowships in 2010. As the use of diagnostic and interventional ultrasound in sports medicine has evolved, it became clear that the curriculum needed to be updated. Furthermore, the name 'musculoskeletal ultrasound' was changed to(More)
Thousands of young athletes receive preparticipation evaluations each year in the United States. One objective of these evaluations is to detect underlying cardiovascular abnormalities that may predispose an athlete to sudden death. The leading cardiovascular causes of sudden death in young athletes include hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, congenital coronary(More)
Myocarditis is a pathologic entity that has serious potential consequences for competitive athletes. Myocarditis is an inflammation of the myocardium accompanied by myocellular necrosis. Cardiotropic viruses, in particular the Coxsackie B virus, have been implicated as the most common cause of acute myocarditis in the United States. A thorough history,(More)
BACKGROUND To sustain progress toward injury reduction and other health promotion goals, public health organizations need a systematic approach based on data and an evaluation of existing scientific evidence on prevention. This paper describes a process and criteria developed to systematically and objectively define prevention program and policy priorities.(More)
Friction blisters can have a negative effect on an individual's ability to perform his or her sport or duties. In a recent study, 69% of soldiers participating in a 20-km road march were found to have blisters, 10% of whom required medical intervention. Blistering of the feet is one of the most common injuries sustained by runners while training and racing.(More)
Physicians providing medical coverage at endurance events know that athletes often collapse during the race or shortly after crossing the finish line. An athlete who collapses during a race may have an ominous condition, such as a cardiac or neurologic event. The most common reason that athletes collapse at or shortly after the finish line is(More)