Fred E Williams

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In Experiment 1, sham operated (SCON) and dorsomedial hypothalamic nuclei (DMN) lesioned (L) rats were given saline or naloxone (0.1, 1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg) just prior to the onset of the dark cycle, lights out. Compared to saline injections, naloxone at all doses suppressed the cumulative food intake of the SCON during the second and third hr of measurement.(More)
We observed previously that totally liver denervated (TLD) rats consumed more of an imbalanced amino acid diet (IAAD) than sham-operated controls (CON). For the present study rats were either CON, TLD, had only the hepatic-vagal branch cut (HVX), or had all nerves on the hepatic artery and portal vein removed (HAPV) (n = 10-11). The rats were prefed a(More)
Unlike rats which have electrolytic dorsomedial hypothalamic area lesions and are hypophagic and hypodipsic, the rats of the present study with dorsomedial hypothalamic area, kainic acid lesions (KAL) were postoperatively aphagic and adipsic. Subsequently, KAL rats rejected chow or a high-fat diet but ate a 30% sucrose-chow diet. Similarly the KAL rats were(More)
Hepatic glucoreceptors have been hypothesized to have an important role in determining normal hunger and satiety. In the present study 23 dogs were fitted with chronic hepatic portal and jugular vein cannulas. The dogs were fed for 1 hr/day. On infusion days (total of 318 infusions) the animals were infused into the portal or jugular veins with a 30%(More)
The serotonin3 receptor antagonist ICS 205-930 (ICS) may act peripherally to attenuate the anorectic response of rats given an imbalanced amino acid (IMB) diet. Rats were divided into four groups: SHAM+saline (sal); SHAM+ICS; total liver denervation (TLD) + sal; and TLD+ICS. Rats were then given a purified basal diet for 16 days. Next, the groups were(More)
Male and female rats were liver denervated [hepatic vagal branch transection (VAG-B), hepatic artery-portal vein denervations (H-ART) or total liver denervation (TOTAL)] and sham operated (SHAM). Rats were given chow along with exposure to sucrose and fructose solutions. Chow intakes and body weight gains of all experimental groups were similar to their(More)
An anorectic response occurs following ingestion of imbalanced amino acid (IMB) diets. There are three phases to this response: 1, recognition of the IMB diet; 2, conditioned development of an aversion to the IMB diet; and 3, adaptation. Blockade of peripheral serotonin-3 (5-HT3) receptors or vagotomy attenuates Phase 2 of the anorectic response. We(More)
The liver by way of afferent nerves has been suggested to be a controller of food intake. However, long term meal pattern analysis of chow intake by rats has revealed that total liver denervation (TLD) did not affect the patterns. Nevertheless, these studies have been criticized because they may have missed initial subtle difference in meal patterns that(More)
Validation of the model SA-2's (EM-SCAN, Inc.) ability to measure fat-free body mass (FFM) and indirectly predict body fat mass using total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC) methodology was investigated. To simulate changes in FFM (6.8 to 27.2 g) and fat mass (5 to 20 g), saline and oil, respectively, were injected into multiple sites of male(More)
Preabsorptive satiety has been hypothesized to occur as the result of food activating oral and gastrointestinal receptors that cause the release of catecholamines in the liver. The catecholamines were then proposed to hyperpolarize hepatic glucoreceptors and produce satiety. In the present study the hepatic portal vein was chronically cannulated in six(More)