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The serine/threonine kinase glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) was initially identified and studied in the regulation of glycogen synthesis. GSK-3 functions in a wide range of cellular processes. Aberrant activity of GSK-3 has been implicated in many human pathologies including: bipolar depression, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, cancer,(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is well documented to participate in a complex array of critical cellular processes. It was initially identified in rat skeletal muscle as a serine/threonine kinase that phosphorylated and inactivated glycogen synthase. This versatile protein is involved in numerous signaling pathways that influence metabolism,(More)
In receptor editing, a phenomenon that has recently come to light and into favor, a rearranged VDJ or VJ gene segment encoding a variable region of an Ig chain is replaced by another. In this commentary, the molecular mechanisms involved in the editing process are examined in some detail. Editing is most likely mediated by the same V(D)J recombinase(More)
Automated classification of biological cells according to their 3D morphology is highly desired in a flow cytometer setting. We have investigated this possibility experimentally and numerically using a diffraction imaging approach. A fast image analysis software based on the gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) algorithm has been developed to extract(More)
We appreciate the authors' comments in their reply: "On the identification of chromosomes with Raman spectroscopy: a critical comment" [Opt. Express 15, 5997 (2007)]. Their main concern with our paper is asking if the collected spectra have shown the identification or differentiation between three human chromosomes. We think this comment is flawed because(More)
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