Fred D. Finkelman

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A defining feature of inflammation is the accumulation of innate immune cells in the tissue that are thought to be recruited from the blood. We reveal that a distinct process exists in which tissue macrophages undergo rapid in situ proliferation in order to increase population density. This inflammatory mechanism occurred during T helper 2 (T(H)2)-related(More)
Studies with rodents infected with Trichinella spiralis, Heligmosomoides polygyrus, Nippostronglyus brasiliensis, and Trichuris muris have provided considerable information about immune mechanisms that protect against parasitic gastrointestinal nematodes. Four generalizations can be made: 1. CD4+ T cells are critical for host protection; 2. IL-12 and(More)
Intestinal worm infections characteristically induce T-helper 2 cell (Th2) cytokine production. We reviewed studies performed with mice infected with either of two intestinal nematode parasites, Nippostrongylus brasiliensis or Trichinella spiralis, that evaluate the importance of the Th2 cytokine interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-13 in protection against these(More)
Although IL-4 induces expulsion of the gastrointestinal nematode parasite, Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, from immunodeficient mice, this parasite is expelled normally by IL-4-deficient mice. This apparent paradox is explained by observations that IL-4 receptor alpha chain (IL-4Ralpha)-deficient mice and Stat6-deficient mice fail to expel N. brasiliensis,(More)
Gastrointestinal allergic disorders represent a diverse spectrum of inflammatory diseases that are occurring with increasing incidence and severity. An essential question concerning these disorders is to determine the specific cells and mediators responsible for specific clinical manifestations. With this in mind, we developed a murine model of oral(More)
Several specific conclusions can be drawn from these studies: 1. IL-4 is required for the generation of both primary polyclonal and secondary antigen-specific IgE responses in vivo. 2. IL-4 is required to maintain established, ongoing, antigen-specific and polyclonal IgE responses. 3. Most, but not all, polyclonal IgE production during a secondary immune(More)
Using mice in which the eGfp gene replaced the first exon of the Il4 gene (G4 mice), we examined production of interleukin (IL)-4 during infection by the intestinal nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (Nb). Nb infection induced green fluorescent protein (GFP)pos cells that were FcepsilonRIpos, CD49bbright, c-kitneg, and Gr1neg. These cells had lobulated(More)
The lymphokine IFN-gamma has been shown in vitro to stimulate IgG2a secretion and inhibit IgG1 and IgE secretion by LPS-activated B lymphocytes. To determine whether IFN-gamma has a similar isotype regulatory role in vivo, we studied the abilities of rIFN-gamma and a mAb to IFN-gamma to modify the isotypes of Ig secreted in mice injected with a goat(More)
Among other effects, prostaglandins (PG) of the E series are known to inhibit several acute and chronic inflammatory conditions in vivo and proinflammatory cytokine production by activated macrophages in culture. The research presented here demonstrates that the inhibitory effect of PGE2 on tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 6 (IL-6)(More)
Studies with mouse models demonstrate 2 pathways of systemic anaphylaxis: a classic pathway mediated by IgE, FcepsilonRI, mast cells, histamine, and platelet-activating factor (PAF) and an alternative pathway mediated by IgG, FcgammaRIII, macrophages, and PAF. The former pathway requires much less antigen and antibody than the latter. This is modified,(More)