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We have determined the complete DNA sequence of the short unique region in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1, strain 17, and have interpreted it in terms of messenger RNAs and encoded proteins. The sequence contains variable regions whose length differs between DNA clones. The clones used for most of the analysis gave a short unique length of 12,979(More)
Herpesviruses comprise an abundant, widely distributed group of large DNA viruses of humans and other vertebrates, and overall are among the most extensively studied large DNA viruses. Many herpesvirus genome sequences have been determined, and interpreted in terms of gene contents to give detailed views of both ubiquitous and lineage-specific functions.(More)
Several factors, including spatial and temporal coherence of the electron microscope, specimen movement, recording medium, and scanner optics, contribute to the decay of the measured Fourier amplitude in electron image intensities. We approximate the combination of these factors as a single Gaussian envelope function, the width of which is described by a(More)
Human herpesviruses are large and structurally complex viruses that cause a variety of diseases. The three-dimensional structure of the herpesvirus capsid has been determined at 8.5 angstrom resolution by electron cryomicroscopy. More than 30 putative alpha helices were identified in the four proteins that make up the 0.2 billion-dalton shell. Some of these(More)
Gene US9 of herpes simplex virus type 1 has been predicted, from DNA sequence analysis, to encode a protein of mol wt 10,026, designated 10K (D.J. McGeoch, A. Dolan, S. Donald, and F.J. Rixon (1985). J. Mol. Biol. 181, 1-13). We have investigated this protein by using a synthetic peptide corresponding to the 11 amino acids adjacent to the amino-terminal(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 virions were examined by electron cryomicroscopy, allowing the three-dimensional structure of the infectious particle to be visualized for the first time. The capsid shell is identical to that of B-capsids purified from the host cell nucleus, with the exception of the penton channel, which is closed. The double-stranded DNA(More)
Comparative analysis of capsid protein structures in the eukaryote-infecting herpesviruses (Herpesviridae) and the prokaryote-infecting tailed DNA bacteriophages (Caudovirales) revealed a characteristic fold that is restricted to these two virus lineages and is indicative of common ancestry. This fold not only serves as a major architectural element in(More)
Chicken anaemia agent (CAA) was purified using differential centrifugation and successive cycles of equilibrium density gradient centrifugation using sucrose and CsCl. The purification method was dependent on the use of an antigen-detecting ELISA based on a CAA-specific monoclonal antibody. Virus particles banded at a density of 1.33 to 1.34 g/ml in CsCl(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the A-capsid of herpes simplex virus type-1 has been determined to a resolution of approximately 26 A by using 400 kV spot-scan electron cryomicroscopy and computer image reconstruction techniques. The density map of the capsid has revealed several new structural details in the protein subunits of pentons, hexons, and(More)
Previous studies have shown that the protein encoded by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) gene UL6 is required for processing and packaging of replicated viral DNA and is a minor component of virions and capsids. In this report, we describe the construction of UL6- HSV-1 mutants with a disrupted UL6 gene using complementing cells and show that they fail(More)