Fraydoon Rastinejad

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Nuclear receptors are multi-domain transcription factors that bind to DNA elements from which they regulate gene expression. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) form heterodimers with the retinoid X receptor (RXR), and PPAR-gamma has been intensively studied as a drug target because of its link to insulin sensitization. Previous(More)
Chromodomains are modules implicated in the recognition of lysine-methylated histone tails and nucleic acids. CHD (for chromo-ATPase/helicase-DNA-binding) proteins regulate ATP-dependent nucleosome assembly and mobilization through their conserved double chromodomains and SWI2/SNF2 helicase/ATPase domain. The Drosophila CHD1 localizes to the interbands and(More)
Nuclear receptor heterodimers recognize response elements composed of two direct repeats of the consensus sequence 5'-AGGTCA-3' separated by one to five base pairs. The 1.9 A crystal structure of the complex formed by the DNA-binding domains of the 9-cis retinoic acid receptor and thyroid hormone receptor bound to a thyroid-response element shows that the(More)
CD4(+) T helper lymphocytes that express interleukin-17 (T(H)17 cells) have critical roles in mouse models of autoimmunity, and there is mounting evidence that they also influence inflammatory processes in humans. Genome-wide association studies in humans have linked genes involved in T(H)17 cell differentiation and function with susceptibility to Crohn's(More)
The nuclear receptors REV-ERBalpha (encoded by NR1D1) and REV-ERBbeta (NR1D2) have remained orphans owing to the lack of identified physiological ligands. Here we show that heme is a physiological ligand of both receptors. Heme associates with the ligand-binding domains of the REV-ERB receptors with a 1:1 stoichiometry and enhances the thermal stability of(More)
Compounds that stabilize the DNA binding domain of p53 in the active conformation were identified. These small synthetic molecules not only promoted the stability of wild-type p53 but also allowed mutant p53 to maintain an active conformation. A prototype compound caused the accumulation of conformationally active p53 in cells with mutant p53, enabling it(More)
As ligand-regulated transcription factors, the nuclear hormone receptors are nearly ideal drug targets, with internal pockets that bind to hydrophobic, drug-like molecules and well-characterized ligand-induced conformational changes that recruit transcriptional coregulators to promoter elements. Yet, due to the multitude of genes under the control of a(More)
The nuclear receptor FXR is the sensor of physiological levels of enterohepatic bile acids, the end products of cholesterol catabolism. Here we report crystal structures of the FXR ligand binding domain in complex with coactivator peptide and two different bile acids. An unusual A/B ring juncture, a feature associated with bile acids and no other steroids,(More)
The 9-cis retinoic acid receptor (retinoid X receptor, RXR) forms heterodimers with the all-trans retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and other nuclear receptors on DNA regulatory sites composed of tandem binding elements. We describe the 1.70 A resolution structure of the ternary complex of RXR and RAR DNA-binding regions in complex with the retinoic acid(More)
The 9-cis retinoic acid receptor, RXR, binds DNA effectively as a homodimer or as a heterodimer with other nuclear receptors. The DNA-binding sites for these RXR complexes are direct repeats of a consensus sequence separated by one to five base-pairs of intervening space. Here, we report the 2.1 A crystal structure of the RXR-DNA-binding domain as a(More)