Frauke Schimmöller

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Emp24p is a type I transmembrane protein that is involved in secretory protein transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi complex. A yeast mutant that lacks Emp24p (emp24 delta) is viable, but periplasmic invertase and the glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol-anchored plasma membrane protein Gas1p are delivered to the Golgi apparatus with reduced(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae EMP47 gene encodes a nonessential type-I transmembrane protein with sequence homology to a class of intracellular lectins defined by ERGIC-53 and VIP36. The 12-amino acid COOH-terminal cytoplasmic tail of Emp47p ends in the sequence KTKLL, which conforms with the consensus for di-lysine-based ER-localization signals. Despite the(More)
GPI-anchored proteins are attached to the membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-(GPI) anchor whose carbohydrate core is conserved in all eukaryotes. Apart from membrane attachment, the precise role of the GPI-anchor is not known, but it has been proposed to play a role in protein sorting. We have investigated the transport of the yeast GPI-anchored(More)
The YPT7 gene encodes the Saccharomyces cerevisiae homolog of mammalian rab7 protein. Data obtained from studies on a delta ypt7 mutant suggested that Ypt7p is involved in the endocytic pathway in yeast (Wichmann et al., Cell 71, 1131-1142, 1992). We report here that endocytosed pheromone alpha-factor accumulates in late endosomes in delta ypt7 cells,(More)
Rab9 GTPase is required for the transport of mannose 6-phosphate receptors from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network in living cells, and in an in vitro system that reconstitutes this process. We have used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify proteins that interact preferentially with the active form of Rab9. We report here the discovery of a 40-kD(More)
We have recently shown that actin and fimbrin are required for the internalization step of endocytosis in yeast. Using a yeast strain with a temperature-sensitive allele of CMD1, encoding calmodulin, we demonstrate that this protein is also required for this process. Calmodulin mutants that have lost their high-affinity calcium binding sites are, however,(More)
Alzheimer's disease is an age-related neurodegenerative disease which causes global loss of cognitive function. Drug treatment for Alzheimer's disease has been limited to agents that ameliorate behavioral symptoms but these agents are without effect on disease progression. Rational drug design for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease now seems possible. As(More)
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