Frauke Baymann

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Purple bacteria have thus far been considered to operate light-driven cyclic electron transfer chains containing ubiquinone (UQ) as liposoluble electron and proton carrier. We show that in the purple gamma-proteobacterium Halorhodospira halophila, menaquinone-8 (MK-8) is the dominant quinone component and that it operates in the Q(B)-site of the(More)
Primary structures, functional characteristics and phylogenetic relationships of subunits of cytochrome bc complexes from phylogenetically diverse bacterial and archaeal species were analysed. A single case of lateral gene transfer, i.e. the import of an epsilon-proteobacterial cytochrome bc(1) complex into Aquificales, was identified. For the enzyme in the(More)
The reacton centre I (RCI)-type photosystems from plants, cyano-, helio- and green sulphur bacteria are compared and the essential properties of an archetypal RCI are deduced. Species containing RCI-type photosystems most probably cluster together on a common branch of the phylogenetic tree. The predicted branching order is green sulphur, helio- and(More)
Heliobacteria have a Rieske/cytochrome b complex composed of a Rieske protein, a cytochrome b(6,) a subunit IV and a di-heme cytochrome c. The overall structure of the complex seems close to the b(6)f complex from cyanobacteria and chloroplasts to the exception of the di-heme cytochrome. We show here by biochemical and biophysical studies that a heme c(i)(More)
Operons coding for the enzyme arsenite oxidase have been detected in the genomes from Archaea and Bacteria by Blast searches using the amino acid sequences of the respective enzyme characterized in two different beta-proteobacteria as templates. Sequence analyses show that in all these species, arsenite oxidase is transported over the cytoplasmic membrane(More)
Genome analyses and the resolution of three-dimensional structures have provided evidence in recent years for hitherto unexpected family relationships between redox proteins of very diverse enzymes involved in bioenergetic electron transport. Many of these enzymes appear in fact to be constructed from only a limited set of building blocks. Phylogenetic(More)
Living cells are able to harvest energy by coupling exergonic electron transfer between reducing and oxidising substrates to the generation of chemiosmotic potential. Whereas a wide variety of redox substrates is exploited by prokaryotes resulting in very diverse layouts of electron transfer chains, the ensemble of molecular architectures of enzymes and(More)
Previously published phylogenetic trees reconstructed on "Rieske protein" sequences frequently are at odds with each other, with those of other subunits of the parent enzymes and with small-subunit rRNA trees. These differences are shown to be at least partially if not completely due to problems in the reconstruction procedures. A major source of erroneous(More)
Cytochrome c(1) from mitochondrial complex III and the di-heme cytochromes c in the corresponding enzyme from epsilon-proteobacteria have so far been considered to represent unrelated cytochromes. A missing link protein discovered in the genome of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex aeolicus, however, provides evidence for a close evolutionary(More)
Rieske/cytochrome b (Rieske/cytb) complexes are proton pumping quinol oxidases that are present in most bacteria and Archaea. The phylogeny of their subunits follows closely the 16S-rRNA phylogeny, indicating that chemiosmotic coupling was already present in the last universal common ancestor of Archaea and bacteria. Haloarchaea are the only organisms found(More)