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Malignant melanoma cells are known to have altered expression of growth factors compared with normal human melanocytes. These changes probably favor tumor growth and progression and influence the tumor environment. The induction of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), TGF-beta2, and TGF-beta3 expression in malignant melanoma has been reported(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic therapy options for patients with advanced angiosarcomas are limited, and their prognosis is poor. The idea of angiostatic therapy following the paradigm of metronomic dosed chemotherapeutics combined with proapoptotic biomodulators had not been considered previously in these patients. Therefore, in a pilot study, the efficacy of(More)
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), a member of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family, is a specific mitogen for different types of epithelial cells and a potent survival factor for these cells under stress conditions. KGF expression increases strongly after injury to various tissues, including the skin and the intestine, and signaling via the KGF(More)
BACKGROUND Eph receptors and their ligands, the ephrins, represent a large class of cell-cell communication molecules with well-defined developmental functions. Their role in healthy adult tissues and in human disease is still largely unknown, although diverse roles in carcinogenesis have been postulated. METHODS We established a set of fluorescent PCR(More)
BACKGROUND Substance P (SP) is a pro-inflammatory neuropeptide in colitis, whereas sympathetic neurotransmitters are anti-inflammatory at high concentrations. AIM AND METHODS In all layers of the colon, nerve fibre densities of SP(+) and sympathetic nerve fibres were investigated (22 Crohn's disease, six diverticulitis, and 22 controls). In addition, the(More)
Analyses of malignant melanomas revealed a strong expression of bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs) and their autocrine effect in promoting cell invasion and migration. Here, we report a paracrine effect of BMPs on the vascular network. Both BMP2 and BMP4 induced tube formation as well as the migratory efficiency of microvascular endothelial cells. Melanoma(More)
AIMS To determine the expression of a protein termed augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR), recently found to have a specific and beneficial effect on the process of liver regeneration in normal and diseased human liver. METHODS AND RESULTS ALR expression in normal and cirrhotic human livers with various underlying diseases as well as in tissue samples of(More)
BACKGROUND Combined treatment approaches targeting tumor cells as well as stromal cells may control chemorefractory malignancies. In the current study, the authors sought to test one such combined approach in the treatment of chemorefractory melanoma and soft tissue sarcoma. METHODS A Phase II trial was initiated to analyze the activity of a continuously(More)
CYLD was originally identified as a tumor suppressor that is mutated in familial cylindromatosis. Recent studies suggested a role for CYLD in nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) regulation. NF-kappaB activation has been connected with multiple aspects of oncogenesis but the underlying molecular mechanisms of persistent NF-kappaB activation in tumors remain(More)
Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2/caspase recruitment domain 15 (NOD2/CARD15) polymorphisms have been identified as risk factors of both Crohn's disease and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, the role of these receptors of innate immunity in the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal GVHD is(More)