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We have studied transport and localization of MBP mRNA in oligodendrocytes in culture by microinjecting labeled mRNA into living cells and analyzing the intracellular distribution of the injected RNA by confocal microscopy. Injected mRNA initially appears dispersed in the perikaryon. Within minutes, the RNA forms granules which, in the case of MBP mRNA, are(More)
The three-dimensional structure of human chorionic gonadotropin shows that each of its two different subunits has a similar topology, with three disulphide bonds forming a cystine knot. This same folding motif is found in some protein growth factors. The heterodimer is stabilized by a segment of the beta-subunit which wraps around the alpha-subunit and is(More)
Androgen receptor assays have been performed on 1371 specimens of histologically confirmed primary and recurrent breast cancer. Forty-two patients who had received tamoxifen as treatment for advanced disease were assessed for objective response. Another 42 patients who had received chemotherapy were similarly studied. Patients with androgen(More)
A general method is described that takes advantage of the optical sectioning properties of a confocal microscope to enable measurement of both absolute and relative concentrations of fluorescent molecules inside cells. For compartments within cells that are substantially larger than the point spread function, the fluorescence intensity is simply(More)
Living Limulus ventral photoreceptor cells were injected with long chain lipophilic carbocyanine fluorescent dyes to label the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The purpose of this study was to examine the continuity, dynamic changes, and structure of the ER in the living cell, using laser scanning confocal microscopy and three-dimensional image reconstruction.(More)
Bovine follicular fluid was used as a source for the isolation of gonadal inhibin, the activity of which was monitored by the dose dependent suppression of the FSH content of cultured pituitary cells. The procedures presented result in over 3000-fold purification of the starting material and the purified inhibin has an apparent molecular weight of 56000.(More)
The intracellular distribution of various components of the protein translational machinery was visualized in mouse oligodendrocytes in culture using high resolution fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence in conjunction with dual channel confocal laser scanning microscopy. Arginyl-tRNA synthetase, elongation factor 1a, ribosomal RNA, and(More)
The Virtual Cell (VCell; http://vcell.org/) is a problem solving environment, built on a central database, for analysis, modelling and simulation of cell biological processes. VCell integrates a growing range of molecular mechanisms, including reaction kinetics, diffusion, flow, membrane transport, lateral membrane diffusion and electrophysiology, and can(More)
In the present study, we have demonstrated that human growth hormone (hGH) can be phosphorylated by the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulated tyrosine kinase of A431 cell membranes. Phosphotyrosine was the predominant phosphoamino acid released from phosphorylated hGH on partial acid hydrolysis. All five tyrosine-containing tryptic peptides of hGH are(More)