Fraser Donald Russell

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Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is synthesized, stored and released in the human heart. On release, ET-1 has the potential to activate specific receptors in a paracrine manner to modify heart function directly. Two binding sites corresponding to endothelin ETA and ETB receptors are localized to human heart. Contractility is modified by ETA receptors in the left(More)
Long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs) are recommended for management of patients with wide-ranging chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, dementia, and depression. Increased consumption of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is recommended by many health authorities to prevent(More)
Human urotensin-II (hU-II) is the most potent endogenous cardiostimulant identified to date. We therefore determined whether hU-II has a possible pathological role by investigating its levels in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Blood samples were obtained from the aortic root, femoral artery, femoral vein, and pulmonary artery from CHF patients(More)
The effects of the recently identified human peptide urotensin-II (hU-II) were investigated on human cardiac muscle contractility and coronary artery tone. In right atrial trabeculae from non-failing hearts, hU-II caused a concentration-dependent increase in contractile force (pEC(50)=9.5+/-0.1; E(max)=31.3+/-4.8% compared to 9.25 mM Ca(2+); n=9) with no(More)
Endothelin (ET) is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide that is generated via unique processing of a low activity precursor, big ET-1 by endothelin converting enzymes (ECEs). ET has a physiological role in the maintenance of basal tone in humans (Haynes & Webb, 1994; Haynes, 1995; Haynes et al., 1995), but may also have a role in the pathophysiology of(More)
Cerumen, or propolis, is a mixture of plant resins enriched with bee secretions. In Australia, stingless bees are important pollinators that use cerumen for nest construction and possibly for colony’s health. While extensive research attests to the therapeutic properties of honeybee (Apis mellifera) propolis, the biological and medicinal properties of(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine whether the cardiostimulant effects of the endogenous beta(1)-adrenergic receptor (AR) agonist, (-)-norepinephrine are modified by polymorphic (Serine49Glycine [Ser49Gly], Glycine389Arginine [Gly389Arg]) variants of beta(1)-ARs in the nonfailing adult human heart. BACKGROUND Human heart beta(1)-ARs perform(More)
We have previously shown endothelin (ET)-like immunoreactive staining in Weibel-Palade bodies, storage granules that are an integral component of the regulated secretory pathway in endothelial cells. These structures degranulate after chemical or mechanical stimuli that result in cytosolic calcium influx. We therefore investigated whether the regulated(More)
1 The calcineurin (CaN) enzyme-transcriptional pathway is critically involved in hypertrophy of heart muscle in some animal models. Currently there is no information concerning the regulation of CaN activation by endogenous agonists in human heart. 2 Human right ventricular trabeculae from explanted human (14 male/2 female) failing hearts were set up in a(More)
This study examined the changes of ß-adrenoceptors in the guinea-pig sinoatrial nodal region following 7 day (−)-isoprenaline (400 μg/kg/h s.c.) infusion and the relationship between ß-adrenoceptor desensitization and receptor down-regulation. Changes in ß1-and ß2-adrenoceptor density were measured using quantitative autoradiography and function in organ(More)