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Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is synthesized, stored and released in the human heart. On release, ET-1 has the potential to activate specific receptors in a paracrine manner to modify heart function directly. Two binding sites corresponding to endothelin ETA and ETB receptors are localized to human heart. Contractility is modified by ETA receptors in the left(More)
Urotensin-II (UII) is a highly potent endogenous peptide within the cardiovascular system. Through stimulation of Galphaq-coupled UT receptors, UII mediates contraction of vascular smooth muscle and endothelial-dependent vasorelaxation, and positive inotropy in human right atrium and ventricle. A pathogenic role of the UT receptor system is emerging in(More)
Human urotensin-II (hU-II) is the most potent endogenous cardiostimulant identified to date. We therefore determined whether hU-II has a possible pathological role by investigating its levels in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Blood samples were obtained from the aortic root, femoral artery, femoral vein, and pulmonary artery from CHF patients(More)
Long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs) are recommended for management of patients with wide-ranging chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, dementia, and depression. Increased consumption of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is recommended by many health authorities to prevent(More)
We investigated the distribution of endothelin (ET)-like immunoreactivity in the human coronary artery and examined sites linked to the storage and release of intracellular proteins. Intense ET-like immunoreactivity was observed at the light-microscope level in luminal coronary artery endothelial cells. A low level of staining also was detected in the outer(More)
Two forms of the activated beta1-adrenoceptor exist, one that is stabilized by (-)-noradrenaline and is sensitive to blockade by (-)-propranolol and another which is stabilized by partial agonists such as (-)-pindolol and (-)-CGP 12177 but is relatively insensitive to (-)-propranolol. We investigated the effects of stimulation of the propranolol-resistant(More)
We have previously shown endothelin (ET)-like immunoreactive staining in Weibel-Palade bodies, storage granules that are an integral component of the regulated secretory pathway in endothelial cells. These structures degranulate after chemical or mechanical stimuli that result in cytosolic calcium influx. We therefore investigated whether the regulated(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine whether the cardiostimulant effects of the endogenous beta(1)-adrenergic receptor (AR) agonist, (-)-norepinephrine are modified by polymorphic (Serine49Glycine [Ser49Gly], Glycine389Arginine [Gly389Arg]) variants of beta(1)-ARs in the nonfailing adult human heart. BACKGROUND Human heart beta(1)-ARs perform(More)
Endothelin A (ET(A)) and ET(B) receptors located on vascular smooth-muscle cells mediate potent vasoconstriction in animal and human blood vessels. Although vascular endothelial ET(B) receptors mediate vasodilatation through release of nitric oxide, prostacyclin, or an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor in animal vessels, there is less evidence to(More)