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We identified a previously undescribed gene associated with colon cancer by genome-wide expression analysis in primary and metastatic carcinomas: metastasis-associated in colon cancer-1, MACC1. MACC1 expression in tumor specimens is an independent prognostic indicator of metastasis formation and metastasis-free survival. We show that the gene encoding the(More)
Overexpression of the ErbB2 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinases is frequently observed in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck, and has been correlated with shorter overall survival. By immunoblot analysis, we have found EGFR and ErbB2 expression in 6 out of 6 established head and neck cancer cell lines. Elevated EGFR(More)
Colon cancer is still the second most frequent malignancy in the Western world. Despite major efforts in diagnosis and treatment it is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths. The metastatic dissemination of primary tumors is directly linked to patient's survival and accounts for about 90% of all colon cancer deaths. Current clinical predictions(More)
Jet-injection technology has developed into an efficient gene delivery system for nonviral in vivo gene transfer. In this study the jet-injector system was used for the intratumoral gene transfer of small volumes of naked DNA encoding the Escherichia coli cytosine deaminase (CD) suicide gene. In our in vivo studies human colon carcinoma (patient-derived(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway is frequently observed in colorectal cancers. Our aim was to elucidate the impact of gain-of-function beta-catenin on the metastasis-associated gene S100A4 in human colon cancer cell lines and tumors. METHODS We analyzed cell lines heterozygous for gain-of-function and wild-type beta-catenin,(More)
Colon cancer metastasis is often associated with activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and high expression of the metastasis mediator S100A4. We previously demonstrated the transcriptional regulation of S100A4 by β-catenin and the importance of the interconnection of these cellular programs for metastasis. Here we probe the hypothesis that the(More)
The promoter of the human multidrug resistance gene (mdr1) harbors defined heat-responsive elements, which could be exploited for construction of heat-inducible expression vectors. To analyze the hyperthermia inducibility of the mdr1 promoter in vitro and in vivo, we used the pcDNA3-mdrp-hTNF vector construct for heat-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha(More)
We previously identified the gene metastasis-associated in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) and demonstrated its important role for metastasis prediction in colorectal cancer. MACC1 induces cell motility and proliferation in vitro as well as metastasis in several mouse models. Here we report non-invasive real time imaging of inhibition of colorectal tumor progression(More)
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