Franz Müller-Spahn

Egemen Savaskan8
Ralf Jockers6
8Egemen Savaskan
6Ralf Jockers
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The current study sought to evaluate a novel kind of interactive computer-based cognitive training (ICT) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD patients (N = 9), age- and gender-matched patients with a major depressive episode (N = 9), and healthy control subjects (N = 10) were trained to use an ICT program that relates to activities of daily living (ADL). Digital(More)
Cognitive tasks involving conflicting stimuli and responses are associated with an early age-related decline in performance. Conflict and conflict-induced interference can be stimulus- or response-related. In classical stimulus-response compatibility tasks, such as the Stroop task, the event-related potential (ERP) usually reveals a greater negativity on(More)
Melatonin is synthesized in the pineal gland and retina during the night. Retinal melatonin is believed to be involved in local cellular modulation and in regulation of light-induced entrainment of circadian rhythms. The present study provides the first immunohistochemical evidence for the localization of melatonin 1a-receptor (MT1) in human retina of aged(More)
Cue reactivity to drug-related stimuli is a frequently observed phenomenon in drug addiction. Cue reactivity refers to a classical conditioned response pattern that occurs when an addicted subject is exposed to drug-related stimuli. This response consists of physiological and cognitive reactions. Craving, a subjective desire to use the drug of choice, is(More)
  • Egemen Savaskan, Mohammed A Ayoub, Rivka Ravid, Debora Angeloni, Franco Fraschini, Fides Meier +3 others
  • 2005
The aim of the present study was to identify the distribution of the second melatonin receptor (MT2) in the human hippocampus of elderly controls and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. This is the first report of immunohistochemical MT2 localization in the human hippocampus both in control and AD cases. The specificity of the MT2 antibody was ascertained by(More)
  • Egemen Savaskan, Ralf Jockers, Mohammed Ayoub, Debora Angeloni, Franco Fraschini, Josef Flammer +3 others
  • 2007
The pineal and retinal melatonin regulates endogenous circadian rhythms, and has various physiological functions including neuromodulatory and vasoactive actions, antioxidative and neuroprotective properties. We have previously demonstrated that the melatonin 1a-receptor (MT(1)) is localized in human retinal cells and that the expression of MT(1) is(More)
The pineal secretory product melatonin has, in addition to regulating retinal, circadian and vascular functions, neuroprotective effects. Blood melatonin levels are often decreased in Alzheimer's disease (AD), a progressively disabling neurodegenerative disorder. In this study we provide the first immunohistochemical evidence for the localization of(More)
This 5-wk, open-label, comparative study investigated the effects of quetiapine and haloperidol on behavioural, cognitive and circadian rest-activity cycle disturbances in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Out of a total of 30 patients enrolled in the study, there were 22 completers, 11 in the quetiapine group (mean age 81.9+/-1.8 yr, mean baseline(More)
Conflict-related cognitive processes are critical for adapting to sudden environmental changes that confront the individual with inconsistent or ambiguous information. Thus, these processes play a crucial role to cope with daily life. Generally, conflicts tend to accumulate especially in complex and threatening situations. Therefore, the question arises how(More)
OBJECTIVES Orexins A and B are neuropeptides involved in the regulation of feeding behavior, energy homeostasis and arousal. In the human retina, however, immunohistochemical localization of orexins and their receptors, OX-R1 and OX-R2, has not been ascertained. METHODS We localized orexins A and B, OX-R1 and OX-R2 in the human retina using(More)