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Because the neural differentiation capacity of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) is still a matter of controversial debate, we performed a thorough investigation into the differentiation capacity of human BMSCs and examined their therapeutic potency. BMSCs were isolated from the femur and kept in cell cultures with various cultivation protocols being(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seem to be a useful tool for cellular therapy in injured tissues, e.g. myocardial infarction or cardiomyopathies resulting in heart failure. For therapeutic approaches it is crucial that MSCs cross the endothelial barrier especially in intravascular or rather intracoronary application. Until today little is known about MSCs(More)
Little is known about the migration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Some therapeutic approaches had demonstrated that MSCs were able to regenerate injured tissues when applied from different sites of application. This implies that MSCs are not only able to migrate but also that the direction of migration is controlled. Factors that are involved in the(More)
Enzymatic activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is controlled by posttranslational modifications, protein-protein interactions, and subcellular localization. For example, N-terminal fatty acid modifications target eNOS to the Golgi complex where it becomes phosphorylated. We show here by immunofluorescence analysis that phospho-eNOS Ser-1176(More)
During tooth development, the inner and outer enamel epithelia fuse by mitotic activity to produce a bilayered epithelial sheath termed Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS). The epithelial rests of Malassez (ERM) are the developmental residues of HERS and remain in the adult periodontal ligament (PDL). Although the cellular regulation of the(More)
A wide variety of stimuli can trigger activation of the transcription factor CREB (cAMP-responsive element binding protein), pointing toward a central role for CREB in the integration of various signaling inputs. No data are available on the expression and phosphorylation of CREB in mammalian teeth. Using immunohistochemical analysis of free-floating(More)
BACKGROUND The extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) have been implicated in the inflammation-dependent sensitization of nociceptors. Because the periodontal ligament (PDL) contains numerous nociceptors and mechanoceptors, phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was investigated in nerve fibers of the PDL to elucidate the role of constitutive local(More)
Glioblastoma (GB) is the most frequent human brain tumor and is associated with a poor prognosis. Multipolar mitosis and spindles have occasionally been observed in cultured glioblastoma cells and in glioblastoma tissues, but their mode of origin and relevance have remained unclear. In the present study, we investigated a novel GB cell line (SGB4)(More)
Activity of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is modulated by protein-protein interaction and phosphorylation at specific serine or threonine residues. Using immunofluorescence analysis we show here that proliferating mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from human bone marrow exhibit cytosolic and pronounced nuclear localization of eNOS.(More)
INTRODUCTION Odontoblasts are terminally differentiated cells of ectomesenchymal origin that produce the dentin. Differentiated odontoblasts cannot be identified yet by a single phenotypic marker protein; therefore, a combination of markers is currently used. Up-regulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) has been associated with exit from(More)
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