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We assessed the therapeutic potential of riociguat, a novel soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator, in adults with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH; n = 42) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH; n = 33) in World Health Organization (WHO) functional class II/III. In this 12-week, multicentre, open-label, uncontrolled phase II study,(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with restricted physical capacity, limited quality of life, and a poor prognosis because of right heart failure. The present study is the first prospective randomized study to evaluate the effects of exercise and respiratory training in patients with severe symptomatic PH. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty(More)
BACKGROUND In congestive heart failure (CHF), the prognostic significance of impaired respiratory muscle strength has not been established. METHODS AND RESULTS Maximal inspiratory pressure (Pi(max)) was prospectively determined in 244 consecutive patients (207 men) with CHF (ischemic, n=75; idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, n=169; age, 54+/-11 years;(More)
BACKGROUND Inspiratory muscle weakness has been described in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), and only recently in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, the relationship between pulmonary hemodynamics and respiratory muscle function has not been investigated in patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS In two tertial(More)
INTRODUCTION Depression and panic disorder are widely acknowledged as complicating factors in asthma patients. However, their impact on health outcomes in primary care patients is less well examined. This study prospectively evaluated the impact of depression and panic disorder on outcomes of primary care patients with asthma over 1 year. METHODS At(More)
Addition of inhaled iloprost to bosentan may have beneficial effects in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). A multicentre, open, randomised, controlled trial was performed to assess the safety and efficacy of inhaled iloprost in patients with IPAH who had already been treated with bosentan. The trial was terminated early after a(More)
BACKGROUND Even though specific agents for the treatment of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) are available, in PH patients, physical capacity and quality of life (QoL) are often restricted and survival is reduced. OBJECTIVES This study prospectively investigated the long-term effects of respiratory and exercise training in patients with severe(More)