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Six uridine auxotroph mutants of Trichoderma reesei QM 9414 were isolated by resistance to 5-fluoroorotic acid and one strain was identified as OMP-decarboxylase negative (pyr -) by a radiometric enzyme assay. Transformation to uridine prototrophy was achieved with the pyr4 gene of Neurospora crassa (up to 1500 transformants/μg) and with pyrA of Aspergillus(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that forest soils in central and northern Europe as well as in North America have been significantly acidified by acid deposition during the last decades. The present investigation was undertaken to examine the effect of soil acidity on rooting patterns of 40-year-old Norway spruce trees by comparing fine and coarse roots among(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that desmoteplase, a novel plasminogen activator, has clinical benefit when given 3-9 h after the onset of the symptoms of stroke in patients with presumptive tissue at risk that is identified by magnetic resonance perfusion imaging (PI) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). METHODS In this randomised,(More)
The Trichoderma reesei orotidine-5′-phosphate decarboxylase gene was isolated by heterologous hybridization with the corresponding Neurospora gene as a probe. A 2.7 kb SalI fragment, which exclusively hybridized to the Neurospora gene, was subcloned in pGEM-5Zf(+). This subclone was termed pFG1 and was used to transform a Trichoderma reesei pyrG- negative(More)
PIWI proteins and their bound PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) form the core of a gonad-specific small RNA silencing pathway that protects the animal genome against the deleterious activity of transposable elements. Recent studies linked the piRNA pathway to TUDOR biology as TUDOR domains of various proteins bind symmetrically methylated Arginine residues in(More)
A 613-bp fragment of the 5′ upstream region of the Trichoderma reesei cbh2 gene (coding for the cellulolytic enzyme cellobiohydrolase II) has been isolated and sequenced. Fusion of this fragment to the E. coli uidA gene (coding for β-glucuronidase) leads to-albeit low-expression of β-glucuronidase activity in the presence of cellulose and upon the addition(More)
Oligonucleotides, designed on the basis of conserved flanking amino acid sequence segments within the catalytic domain of eukaryotic protein kinase C (PKC) proteins, were used as primers for polymerase chain reactions to amplify a 427-bp chromosomal DNA fragment from the filamentous fungusTrichoderma reesei. This fragment was then used to isolate genes(More)
Motivation controls behavior [1]. A variety of food-related behaviors undergo motivational modulation by hunger, satiety, and other states [2-4]. Here we searched for critical satiation factors modulating approach to an odor associated with sugar reward in Drosophila melanogaster. We selectively manipulated different parameters associated with feeding, such(More)
BACKGROUND The conserved Fat and Core planar cell polarity (PCP) pathways work together to specify tissue-wide orientation of hairs and ridges in the Drosophila wing. Their components form intracellularly polarized complexes at adherens junctions that couple the polarity of adjacent cells and form global patterns. How Fat and Core PCP systems interact is(More)
A real-time PCR method was developed to quantitate viral DNA that includes duplex amplification, internal standardization, and two-color fluorescence detection without the need to generate an external standardization curve. Applied to human parvovirus B19 DNA, the linear range was from 10(2) to at least 5 x 10(6) copies per ml of sample. The coefficient of(More)