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Carcinoma is an important complication of ulcerative colitis (UC) and develops from dysplastic precursor lesions. Genetic changes involved in the malignant transformation have not been fully characterized. We studied 19 cases of UC with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and eight samples of associated carcinoma (CA). Microdissection of normal epithelium,(More)
Chfr, a mitotic stress checkpoint gene, regulates a prophase delay in cells exposed to agents that disrupt microtubules, such as nocodazole and taxol. In the present study, we report that Chfr is frequently methylated in cell lines derived from tumors of the colon (80%), brain (100%) and bone (100%). In addition, Chfr was methylated in 37% of primary colon(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Regulation of blood flow and oxygen supply are important pathogenetic factors in alcoholic liver disease. Because nitric oxide may have an important role, its effects on alcoholic liver injury were investigated. METHODS Rats were fed ethanol intragastrically with either saturated fat or corn oil. Spontaneous production of NO by liver(More)
Distribution of lymphatic vessels in normal and neoplastic colon has been previously analyzed with electron microscopic techniques, as reliable antibodies have not been available for selective lymph vessel staining. A novel monoclonal antibody, D2-40, is recently available to differentiate lymphatic vessels from blood vessels. In this study, we analyzed the(More)
Inflammatory stimuli and lipid peroxidation activate nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) and upregulate proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. The present study evaluated the relationship between pathological liver injury, endotoxemia, lipid peroxidation, and NF-kappaB activation and imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Rats (5 per(More)
Lipid peroxidation may be important in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver injury. We investigated the potential of medium chain triglycerides and vitamin E to decrease lipid peroxidation and reverse established alcoholic liver injury. Four groups (five rats/group) of male Wistar rats were studied. Rats in group 1 were fed a fish oil-ethanol diet for 6(More)
Telepathology (TP) is the practice of remote diagnostic consultation of electronically transmitted, static, digitalized images. The diagnostic efficacy of TP-based consultation services has not been widely tested. Dysplasia that arises in association with chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) is, at present, the most important marker of an increased risk of(More)
Proliferative retinopathies, such as those complicating prematurity and diabetes, are major causes of blindness. A prominent feature of these retinopathies is excessive neovascularization, which is orchestrated by the hypoxia-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulating endothelial cells and the integrin-mediated adhesive interactions of(More)
An association between pancreatic microcystic (serous) adenomas (MCAs) and von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease has been suggested. However, genetic alterations of the VHL gene in MCAs of the pancreas have never been reported. In this study, we performed genetic analysis of 12 pancreatic MCAs. In 2 cases, VHL disease was documented clinically, and 10 cases were(More)
10575 Background: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) constitutes 3%-5% of all newly diagnosed cancer cases. It presents a major diagnostic challenge as knowing the tumor tissue of origin (ToO) of the cancer is crucial for choosing the optimal treatment. MicroRNAs are a family of non-coding, regulatory RNA genes involved in development and differentiation that(More)