František Liška

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The SHR and the PD/Cub are two established rodent models of human metabolic syndrome. Introgression of a ca 30 cM region of rat chromosome 8 from PD/Cub onto the genetic background of SHR was previously shown to influence several of the metabolic syndrome-related traits along with causing the PLS in the SHR-Lx congenic strain. In the process of(More)
Lx mutation in SHR.Lx rat manifests in homozygotes as hindlimb preaxial polydactyly. It was previously mapped to a chromosome 8 segment containing the Plzf gene. Plzf (promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein) influences limb development as a direct repressor of posterior HoxD genes. However, the Plzf coding sequence is intact in the Lx mutants. Using(More)
Reactivators of acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) are able to treat intoxication by organophosphorus compounds, especially with pesticides or nerve agents. Owing to the fact that there exists no universal "broad-spectrum" reactivator of organophosphates-inhibited AChE, many laboratories have synthesized new AChE reactivators. Here, we synthesized five(More)
PURPOSE We isolated an autosomal semi-dominant cataract from our inbred SHR/OlaIpcv rat colony. Heterozygotes express pulverulent cataract with smaller eyes; homozygotes express marked microphthalmia with hypoplastic lens. We call this mutation Dca (for dominant cataract). In this study, we focus on the identification of the responsible gene. METHODS We(More)
The polydactylous rat strain (PD/Cub) is a highly inbred (F > 90) genetic model of metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to analyze the genetic architecture of the metabolic derangements found in the PD/Cub strain and to assess its dynamics in time and in response to diet and medication. We derived a PD/Cub x BN/Cub (Brown Norway) F2 intercross(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA, tretinoin) is a vitamin A derivative commonly used in the treatment of diverse conditions ranging from cancer to acne. In a fraction of predisposed individuals, the administration of ATRA is accompanied by variety of adverse metabolic effects, particularly by the induction of hyperlipidemia. We have previously derived a(More)
The hypodactylous (hd) locus impairs limb development and spermatogenesis, leading to male infertility in rats. We show that the hd mutation is caused by an insertion of an endogenous retrovirus into intron 10 of the Cntrob gene. The retroviral insertion in hd mutant rats disrupts the normal splicing of Cntrob transcripts and results in the expression of a(More)
Many advances have been recently made in understanding the genetic control of fertility in model systems. This review concentrates on genetic causes of male factor infertility in mammalian models. More than 150 genes proved to be important for the male fertility in mammals and the list is continuously growing. Most of those genes were discovered using gene(More)
Three potential reactivators of nerve agents-inhibited acetylcholinesterase: 2-[(hydroxyimino)phenylmethyl]-1-methylpyridinium iodide 3a, 2-[(hydroxyimino)pyridin-2ylmethyl]-1-methylpyridinium iodide 3b and 2-[(1-hydroxyimino) ethyl]-1-methylpyridinium iodide 3c were synthesized. Their reactivation potency was examined using a standard in vitro reactivation(More)