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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hieracium sub-genus Pilosella (hawkweeds) is a taxonomically complicated group of vascular plants, the structure of which is substantially influenced by frequent interspecific hybridization and polyploidization. Two kinds of species, 'basic' and 'intermediate' (i.e. hybridogenous), are usually recognized. In this study, genome size(More)
The versatility of the breeding system in the hybridogenous hexaploid, Hieracium rubrum, was demonstrated in emasculation and crossing experiments. The flow-cytometric ploidy analysis of 1095 seedlings amongst its' progeny enabled the determination and quantification of the reproductive pathway (apospory, haploid parthenogenesis, cross-fertilization of both(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Despite extensive study of polyploidy, its origin, and ecogeographical differences between polyploids and their diploid progenitors, few studies have addressed ploidy-level structure and patterns of ecogeographical differentiation at various spatial scales using detailed sampling procedures. The pattern of coexistence of polyploids in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Pilosella officinarum (syn. Hieracium pilosella) is a highly structured species with respect to the ploidy level, with obvious cytogeographic trends. Previous non-collated data indicated a possible differentiation in the frequency of particular ploidy levels in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Therefore, detailed sampling and ploidy(More)
Reproductive variation was studied in the tetraploid Pilosella aurantiaca, hexaploid P. rubra (both species with facultative autonomous apospory) and in their 2n + n hybrids, which were obtained by crossing with a sexual pollen parent (tetraploid P. officinarum). The different DNA content in P. aurantiaca and P. officinarum demonstrated the actual 2n + n(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Natural hybridization was investigated between two predominantly allohexaploid wheatgrasses, weedy Elytrigia repens and steppic E. intermedia, with respect to habitats characterized by different degrees of anthropogenic disturbance. METHODS Using flow cytometry (relative DNA content), 269 plants from three localities were analysed.(More)
Neither the genetic basis nor the inheritance of apomixis is fully understood in plants. The present study is focused on the inheritance of parthenogenesis, one of the basic elements of apomixis, in Pilosella (Asteraceae). A complex pattern of inheritance was recorded in the segregating F1 progeny recovered from reciprocal crosses between the facultatively(More)
Tragopogon ×mirabilis Rouy is described as a diploid hybrid between T. porrifolius and T. pratensis. A population of T. ×mirabilis from Central Bohemia, Czech Republic, was recently investigated and, unlike previous reports of T. ×mirabilis, was found to be highly fertile. This fertile diploid hybrid population was considered to represent an alternative(More)
We traced hybridization processes taking place within a mixed population of Pilosella piloselloides subsp. bauhini and P. officinarum by means of a morphometric analysis of plants sampled in the field. Our results show that hybridization is frequent between the two taxa as well as between their two stabilized hybrids (P. brachiata and P. leptophyton).(More)
The effect of maternal, facultatively apomictic plants on population diversity was evaluated in seven hybridizing polyploid Pilosella populations, where apomictic (P. bauhini or P. aurantiaca) and sexual (P. officinarum) biotypes coexist. The ploidy level, reproductive system, morphology, clonal structure and chloroplast DNA haplotypes were used to(More)