František Jílek

Learn More
BACKGROUND Selenium (Se) is important for the postnatal development of the calf. In the first weeks of life, milk is the only source of Se for the calf and insufficient level of Se in the milk may lead to Se deficiency. Maternal Se supplementation is used to prevent this.We investigated the effect of dietary Se-enriched yeast (SY) or sodium selenite (SS)(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been revealed to be a signal molecule with second messenger action in the somatic cells of many tissues, including the reproductive tract. The aim of this study was to address how exogenous H2S acts on the meiotic maturation of porcine oocytes, including key maturation factors such as MPF and MAPK, and cumulus expansion intensity(More)
Pig oocytes matured in vitro are parthenogenetically activated after treatment with nitric oxide (NO)-donor SNAP. The chelation of intracellular calcium ions with BAPTA-AM suppressed the SNAP-induced activation in a dose-dependent manner. Activation by a NO-donor is dependent on the influx of calcium from extracellular spaces, because the blockage of(More)
Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), a potent inhibitor of endogenous calcium-dependent ATPases, is able to induce parthenogenetic activation in pig oocytes matured in vitro. Sixty-four percent of matured pig eggs cultured with 100 nM CPA for 4 hr were activated. A similar activation rate was observed in oocytes treated with thapsigargin, another inhibitor of(More)
Porcine oocytes that have matured in in vitro conditions undergo the process of aging during prolonged cultivation, which is manifested by spontaneous parthenogenetic activation, lysis or fragmentation of aged oocytes. This study focused on the role of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the process of porcine oocyte aging. H2S is a gaseous signaling molecule and is(More)
The processes of oocyte growth, acquisition of meiotic competence and meiotic maturation are regulated by a large number of molecules. One of them could be calcineurin consisting of catalytic subunit A (Aα, Aβ, Aγ isoforms) and regulatory subunit B (B1, B2 isoforms). Calcineurin is involved in the meiotic maturation of oocytes in invertebrates or in lower(More)
Calcium intracellular signaling regulates many intracellular events including oocyte maturation. This signaling is strongly dependent on the influx of calcium ions from extracellular spaces and on the state of intracellular calcium stores. In this study, intracellular calcium deposits were detected in follicle-enclosed pig oocytes using the combined(More)
It is demonstrated that the microinjection of cytoplasm from competent, fully grown oocytes can induce germinal vesicle breakdown in meiotically incompetent growing oocytes. Injection of cytoplasm from oocytes at methaphase I had a similar effect. The maturation in injected growing oocytes was arrested at the premetaphase or metaphase I stage. Induction of(More)
  • 1