František Šmíd

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A fatal infantile storage disorder with hepatosplenomegaly and severe neurological disease is described. Sphingolipids, including monohexosylceramides (mainly glucosylceramide), dihexosylceramides (mainly lactosylceramide), globotriaosyl ceramide, sulphatides, ceramides and globotetraosyl ceramide, were stored in the tissues. In general, cholesterol and(More)
A complex neuropathological study of two cases of Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) type C (NPDC) revealed some novel features in the chemical pathology of the neuronal storage. Lipid histochemistry showed the presence of a lipid which met the criteria of a neuronal glycosphingolipid. Sphingomyelin (SM) was not detected in the neurones in any of the regions(More)
Sphingolipid activator protein (SAP) deficiency, previously described in two sibs and shown to be caused by the absence of the common saposin precursor (prosaposin), was further characterized by biochemical lipid and enzyme studies and by ultrastructural analysis. The 20-week-old fetal sib had increased concentrations of neutral glycolipids, including(More)
Glycoconjugates bearing oligosaccharide Lex, Galbeta1-->4(Fucalpha1-->3)GlcNAcbeta1-->3R, are found on the surface of several cell types. Although recent studies have indicated that Lexon both glycosphingolipids (GSL) and polylactosaminoglycans can mediate under certain experimental conditions Lex-Lexinteractions, cell-cell interactions based exclusively on(More)
Hypericin, the photoactive compound of Hypericum perforatum, is probably the most powerful photosensitizer found in nature. This compound has shown high potency in the photodynamic treatment of tumor cells. However, there is only limited knowledge regarding the photodynamic effect of hypericin on nonmelanoma skin cancer cells. The aim of this prospective(More)
A picture of generalized phosphoglyceride and cholesterol storage was induced, in keeping with literary data, by the experimental administration of 4,4'-diethylaminoethoxyhexesterol to rats. An asset of this model lies in the discovery that considerable storage occurs in the peripheral nervous system in contrast to the CNS, whose resistance to hexesterol is(More)
3-chloro-1,2-propanediol and 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol caused base substitutions in Salmonella typhimurium TA1535 both with and without metabolic activation. Metabolic activation seemed to act mainly by decreasing the toxicity of these compounds. A difference in the growth of the wild-type and repair-deficient strains of Escherichia coli was observed only for(More)
The aim of the present work was to develop a chromatographic system for the separation of individual fluorophores extracted from neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) brain and isolated storage bodies. Extracts from gray matter were best resolved on silica-gel HPTLC plates using a mixture of chloroform/methanol/water (55:45:10 by vol.). Two other(More)