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Linear (spectro) polarimetry is usually performed using separate photon flux measurements after spatial or temporal polarization modulation. Such classical polarimeters are limited in sensitivity and accuracy by systematic effects and noise. We describe a spectral modulation principle that is based on encoding the full linear polarization properties of(More)
We present an approach to spectropolarimetry that requires neither moving parts nor time dependent modulation, and that offers the prospect of achieving high sensitivity. The technique applies equally well, in principle, in the optical, UV, or IR. The concept, which is one of those generically known as channeled polarimetry, is to encode the polarization(More)
Many objects on the sky exhibit a centrosymmetric polarization pattern, particularly in cases involving single scattering around a central source. Utilizing a novel liquid crystal device (the " theta cell ") that transforms the coordinate system of linear polarization in an image plane from Cartesian to polar, the observation of centrosymmetric polarization(More)
To assess the impact of atmospheric aerosols on health, climate, and air traffic, aerosol properties must be measured with fine spatial and temporal sampling. This can be achieved by actively involving citizens and the technology they own to form an atmospheric measurement network. We establish this new measurement strategy by developing and deploying(More)
OBJECTIVE The Vibrant soundbridge is a semi-implantable hearing device; the transducer is implanted, coupled directly to the incus. The influence of the implant surgery and the presence of the transducer on hearing sensitivity was studied in six implanted subjects. STUDY DESIGN Longitudinal case reports. SETTING Tertiary referral center. Subjects. The(More)
Sixteen patients have been fitted with a standard bone-anchored hearing aid (HC 200), to replace their conventional bone-conduction aid. The average pure tone threshold at 0.5, 1 and 2 kHz varied from 35 to 75 dB HL, with a sensorineural component varying from 0 to 30 dB HL. The patients' performance with the bone-anchored aid was compared to that with the(More)
Audiometric characteristics of a recently introduced more powerful, behind-the-ear, BAHA sound processor, the BAHA Intenso, were evaluated in 23 patients with contra-indications for using conventional hearing aids. All patients had mixed hearing loss with boneconduction thresholds ranging between 30 and 50 dB HL. Boneconduction gain, defined as the(More)
Citizen science provides researchers means to gather or analyse large datasets. At the same time, citizen science projects offer an opportunity for non-scientists to be part of and learn from the scientific process. In the Dutch iSPEX project, a large number of citizens turned their smartphones into actual measurement devices to measure aerosols. This study(More)
It is generally assumed that auditory stimulation since birth is important for the proper development of the central auditory nervous system. Whether auditory deprivation occurs in man and, therefore, whether it may be considered as a contraindication to surgery in unilateral congenital middle ear anomalies and atresias is the subject of the present study.(More)
We present SPEX, an innovative, compact, and robust Spectropolarimeter for Planetary EXploration, that measures fluxes F and polarization P of sunlight reflected by Mars from 400 to 800 nm with 2 nm (F) to 20 nm (P) spectral resolution, in 9 fixed viewing directions. With SPEX, dust and ice cloud particles in the atmosphere and the surface can be studied.(More)