Frans P. Nijkamp

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BACKGROUND The major risk factor for the development of COPD is cigarette smoking. Smoking causes activation of resident cells and the recruitment of inflammatory cells into the lungs, which leads to release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemotactic factors, oxygen radicals and proteases. In the present study evidence is found for a new cellular mechanism(More)
We describe the tripeptide neutrophil chemoattractant N-acetyl Pro-Gly-Pro (PGP), derived from the breakdown of extracellular matrix (ECM), which shares sequence and structural homology with an important domain on alpha chemokines. PGP caused chemotaxis and production of superoxide through CXC receptors, and administration of peptide caused recruitment of(More)
This review describes production and effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on airway function. ROS are important in many physiological processes but can also have detrimental effects on airway cells and tissues when produced in high quantities or during the absence of sufficient amounts of anti-oxidants. Therefore, these mediators play a prominent role(More)
Note: The following text was prepared in response to the present discussion regarding the European Commission’s recommendations on the so called ‘‘endocrine disrupting chemicals’’ and is supported by the editors and associate editors of Toxicology in Vitro, Bas Blaauboer, Frank Barile, Daniel Acosta Jr, Billy Day and Kerstin Stemmer. It also refers to a(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig)-free light chains IgLC are present in serum and their production is augmented under pathological conditions such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and neurological disorders. Until now, no (patho)physiological function has been ascribed to circulating Ig light chains. Here we show that IgLCs can confer mast cell–dependent(More)
Eosinophil-derived cationic proteins play an essential role in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma. We tested whether cationic proteins interfere with the cationic amino-acid transport in alveolar macrophages (AMPhi) and tracheal epithelial cells, and whether L-arginine-dependent pathways were affected. The effect of cationic polypeptides on cellular(More)
Toluene diisocyantate (TDI) is a low-molecular-weight compound that is known to cause occupational asthma in 5% to 10% of exposed workers. These patients exhibit marked airway hyperresponsiveness and granulocyte accumulation in the airways, and 10% to 20% were also determined to have TDI-specific IgE in their serum. In this study, we developed a murine(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is associated with airway hyperresponsiveness and enhanced T-cell number/activity on one hand and increased levels of exhaled nitric oxide (NO) with expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) on the other hand. These findings are in paradox, as NO also relaxes airway smooth muscle and has immunosuppressive properties. The exact role of the(More)
Extracellular ATP is a signalling molecule that often serves as a danger signal to alert the immune system of tissue damage. This molecule activates P2 nucleotide receptors, that include the ionotropic P2X receptors and the metabotropic P2Y receptors. Several publications highlight the importance of purinergic signalling in the pathogenesis of chronic(More)
Eotaxin is a chemokine implicated in eosinophil trafficking and may be involved in the development of airway hyperresponsiveness. The role of eotaxin in a mouse model for allergic asthma was investigated. Challenging ovalbumin-sensitised mice with ovalbumin aerosol leads to airway hyperresponsiveness and airway eosinophilia 24 h after the last challenge.(More)