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In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), newly synthesized subunits of the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR), membrane-bound immunoglobulin (mIg), and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens must fold correctly and assemble completely into multimeric protein complexes prior to transport to the cell surface. Although folding and assembly may occur(More)
A cDNA clone encoding the human endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident protein IP90 was isolated and sequenced. It predicts a transmembrane protein with a large ER luminal region showing sequence similarity to calreticulin and a short cytoplasmic domain containing a COOH-terminal RKPRRE sequence that may be relevant to its retention in the ER. It is 95%(More)
The human genomic clone pb2m13 contains a functional beta 2-microglobulin (B2m) gene, which upon transfection is readily expressed in murine fibroblasts. Here we report the nucleotide sequence of the human beta 2m gene and of a nearly full length cDNA clone. A comparison with the murine beta 2m gene reveals that exon/intron boundaries are absolutely(More)
The cell wall protects fungi against lysis and determines their cell shape. Alpha-glucan is a major carbohydrate component of the fungal cell wall, but its function is unknown and its synthase has remained elusive. Here, we describe a fission yeast gene, ags1(+), which encodes a putative alpha-glucan synthase. In contrast to the structure of other(More)
Cell division in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe yields two equal-sized daughter cells. Medial fission is achieved by deposition of a primary septum flanked by two secondary septa within the dividing cell. During the final step of cell division, cell separation, the primary septum is hydrolyzed by an endo-(1,3)-beta-glucanase, Eng1p. We reasoned(More)
In man a number of diseases are associated with certain alleles of MHC antigens. The most pronounced example is ankylosing spondylitis, which is strongly associated with HLA-B27. As a first step towards a model system to study the basis of this association, transgenic mice were generated that showed cell surface expression of the HLA-B27 antigen(More)
The HLA-Cw1 and -Cw2 genes were identified in a genomic library and their products characterized by biochemical methods. The HLA-Cw1 and -Cw2 genes, upon transfection in mouse L cells, give rise to class I antigen heavy chains that associate with neither mouse nor human beta-2 microglobulin. They are indistinguishable in isoelectric point from polypeptides(More)
Morphology and structural integrity of fungal cells depend on cell wall polysaccharides. The chemical structure and biosynthesis of two types of these polysaccharides, chitin and (1-->3)-beta-glucan, have been studied extensively, whereas little is known about alpha-glucan. Here we describe the chemical structure of alpha-glucan isolated from wild-type and(More)
B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the most common leukemia in adults, is a clonal expansion of CD5(+)CD19(+) B lymphocytes. Two types of CLLs are being distinguished as carrying either unmutated or somatically mutated immunoglobulins (Igs), which are associated with unfavorable and favorable prognoses, respectively. More than 30% of CLLs can be(More)
(1-->3)-alpha-glucanases catalyze the hydrolysis of fungal cell wall (1-->3)-alpha-glucan, and function during cell division of yeasts containing this cell wall component or act in mycoparasitic processes. Here, we characterize the mechanism of action of the (1-->3)-alpha-glucanase MutAp from the mycoparasitic fungus Trichoderma harzianum. We observed that(More)