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Alternative initiations of translation of the human fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) mRNA, at three CUG start codons and one AUG start codon, result in the synthesis of four isoforms of FGF-2. This process has important consequences on the fate of FGF-2: the CUG-initiated products are nuclear and their constitutive expression is able to induce cell(More)
The synthesis of preribosomal RNA is inhibited "in vivo" and "in vitro" by the protease inhibitor leupeptin. "In vivo" leupeptin decreases by 74% the incorporation of labeled uridine into 45S pre rRNA while the synthesis of other RNA species is only slightly decreased. "In vitro", the elongation of already initiated pre rRNA chains that is achieved by(More)
Four forms of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) are synthesized from the same mRNA, resulting from alternative initiations of translation at three CUG start codons and one AUG start codon. The CUG- and AUG-initiated forms have distinct intracellular localizations and can modify cell phenotypes differently, indicating that control of the alternative(More)
Transcription of ribosomal RNA genes is generally accepted to correlate with cell growth. Using primary cultures of adult bovine aortic endothelial (ABAE) cells, we have shown that transcription of rDNA in confluent cells falls to 5% of the transcription level in growing cells. Protein kinase NII appears to be a limiting factor to promote rDNA transcription(More)
FGF-2 exerts its pleiotropic effects on cell growth and differentiation by interacting with specific cell surface receptors. In addition, exogenously added FGF-2 is translocated from outside the cell to the nucleus during G1-S transition. In this study, we show that a single point mutation in FGF-2 (substitution of residue serine 117 by alanine) is(More)
Nucleolin is a key nucleolar protein in higher eukaryotic cells and is involved directly in ribosome biogenesis. Using an antiserum raised against hamster nucleolin, the homologous protein was detected in nucleoli of Xenopus laevis hepatocytes as well as in the amplified nucleoli of oocytes. A cDNA encoding Xenopus nucleolin has been isolated and sequenced.(More)
DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta) is an error-prone enzyme whose up-regulation has been shown to be a genetic instability enhancer as well as a contributor to cisplatin resistance in tumor cells. In this work, we describe the isolation of new Pol beta inhibitors after high throughput screening of 8448 semipurified natural extracts. In vitro, the selected(More)
The role of RNA methylations in the control of mRNA maturation and incorporation into polysomes has been investigated through a study of the effects in vivo of cycloleucine, a specific inhibitor of S-adenosyl-methionine mediated methylation. During the cycloleucine treatment, the rate of biosynthesis of hnRNA and its subsequent polyadenylation were only(More)
Nucleolin is a key nucleolar protein in higher eukaryotic cells and is involved directly in ribosome biogenesis. Using an antiserum raised against hamster nucleolin, the homologous protein was detected in nucleoli of Xenopns laevis hepatocytes as well as in the amplified nucleoli of oocytes. A cDNA encoding Xenopus nucleolin has been isolated and sequenced.(More)
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