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Coiled bodies (CBs) are structural constituents observed in nuclei of most eukaryotic cells. They usually occur in the nucleoplasm as well as in contact with the nucleolar surface. In this work we studied the hepatocyte nuclei of hibernating dormice in order to investigate possible modifications of CBs along the seasonal cycle. CBs were abundant during(More)
Nucleolin is a ubiquitous multifunctional protein involved in preribosome assembly and associated with both nucleolar chromatin in interphase and nucleolar organizer regions on metaphasic chromosomes in mitosis. Extensive nucleolin phosphorylation by a casein kinase (CKII) occurs on serine in growing cells. Here we report that while CKII phosphorylation is(More)
Among the few proteins of the eukaryotic nucleolus that have been characterized, four proteins, nucleolin, fibrillarin, SSB1 and NSR1, possess a common structural motif, the GAR domain, which is rich in glycine and arginine residues. In order to examine whether the presence of this domain is characteristic of a family of nucleolar proteins, we investigated(More)
Brown adipose tissue and liver of hibernating, arousing and euthermic individuals of the dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius were studies using ultrastructural cytochemistry and immunocytochemistry with the aim to investigate possible fine structural modifications of the cell nucleus during the seasonal cycle. The general morphology of brown adipocyte and(More)
A 6.75-kilobase human hepatoma-derived basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) cDNA was cloned and sequenced. An amino-terminal sequence generated from a purified hepatoma bFGF was found to correspond to the nucleotide sequence and to begin 8 amino acids upstream from the putative methionine start codon thought to initiate a 154-amino acid bFGF translation(More)
The first processing step of precursor ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) involves a cleavage within the 5' external transcribed spacer. This processing requires sequences downstream of the cleavage site which are perfectly conserved among human, mouse and Xenopus and also several small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs): U3, U14, U17 and E3. In this study, we show that(More)
Primary cultures of adult bovine aortic endothelial (ABAE) cells require bFGF to grow. G1-arrested cells, obtained after 48 h without serum and bFGF, were found to enter S phase and grow synchronously for at least two generations on addition of bFGF. In growing cells bFGF was detected both in the cytoplasm (90%) and in the nucleus (10%) where it accumulates(More)
The presence of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) in the nucleus has now been reported both in vitro and in vivo, but its nuclear functions are unknown. Here, we show that FGF-2 added to nuclear extract binds to protein kinase CK2 and nucleolin, a CK2 natural substrate. Added to baculovirus-infected cell extracts overexpressing CK2 or its isolated(More)
Transcription of ribosomal RNA genes is generally accepted to correlate with cell growth. Using primary cultures of adult bovine aortic endothelial (ABAE) cells, we have shown that transcription of rDNA in confluent cells falls to 5% of the transcription level in growing cells. Protein kinase NII appears to be a limiting factor to promote rDNA transcription(More)
Nucleolin is one of the major nonribosomal proteins of the nucleolus. Through its four RNA-binding domains, nucleolin interacts specifically with pre-rRNA as soon as synthesis begins, but it is not found in mature cytoplasmic ribosomes. Nucleolin is able to shuttle between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. These data suggest that nucleolin might be involved in(More)