Franklin F. Fannin

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The occurrence of the alkaloidsN-formyl andN-acetyl loline, peramine, lolitrem B, and ergovaline and the response of aphids to plants containing these compounds were determined in species and cultivars ofFestuca,Lolium, and other grass genera infected with fungal endophytes (Acremonium spp., andEpichloe typhina). Twenty-nine of 34 host-fungus associations(More)
Lolines (saturated 1-aminopyrrolizidines with an oxygen bridge) are insecticidal alkaloids produced in symbioses of certain Epichloë (anamorph-Neotyphodium) species (fungal endophytes) with grasses, particularly of the genera Lolium and Festuca. Prior to the present study, it was unknown whether lolines were of plant or fungal origin. Neotyphodium(More)
A new phloretin derivative, phloretinyl-3'-benzylazide (PBAz), has been synthesized and compared with phloretin for its ability to inhibit the hexose transporter in human erythrocyte membranes in subdued light. Transport measurements were made using the light scattering (Orskov optical) method and a Millipore filtration technique with isotopically labeled(More)
N'-Nitrosonornicotine (6) is a potent and organ-specific carcinogen found in tobacco and tobacco smoke in substantial amounts. Nicotine (1) and nornicotine (2) are proposed to be the precursors of 6 in tobacco. Since 1 can be rapidly demethylated to 2 in tobacco, to distinguish between the direct formation of 6 from these potential precursors is difficult.(More)
Many substances in the tall fescue/endophyte association (Schedonorus arundinaceus/Epichloë coenophiala) have biological activity. Of these compounds only the ergot alkaloids are known to have significant mammalian toxicity and the predominant ergot alkaloids are ergovaline and ergovalinine. Because synthetically produced ergovaline is difficult to obtain,(More)
In the dark, phloretinyl-3'-benzylazide (PBAz), at a nominal concentration of 10 microM, will inhibit the transport of D-glucose in human erythrocytes by more than 90%. This inhibition can be completely reversed by percolating the cell suspension through a small column of Sephadex G-10; cells recovered after this treatment, and then loaded with 100 mM(More)
Protoplasts prepared from the upper epidermis of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) leaves produce tubular structures which are highly fluorescent in the presence of Calcofluor white. The presence of Ca2+ in the incubation medium appears to be necessary for the production of these fibers. A commercial cellulase preparation destroyed these structures and(More)
The fate of [3H]glucose released from a wide range of [3H]phlorizin concentrations by phlorizin hydrolase has been studied under conditions where the Na+-dependent glucose transport system in hamster intestine is profoundly inhibited by the glucoside. At 0.2-2.0 mM phlorizin, the [3H]glucose uptake was a constant 11-12% of that generated by the enzyme and(More)