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By using synthetic protease inhibitors, several investigators have demonstrated that cysteine proteinases are required for cell proliferation. Kininogens are potent and specific physiological inhibitors of cysteine proteinases. We have used several mouse fibroblast-derived cell lines that express biologically active T-kininogen under the control of the(More)
We have previously reported on the identification of T-kininogen (T-KG) as a gene whose expression is increased during senescence in male Sprague-Dawley (S-D) rats. Serum T-KG levels increase 2.5-4 months before the time of death for any given animal, irrespective of the actual age of the animal at the time of this event. Furthermore, dietary restriction(More)
We have previously reported on the isolation of several differentially expressed genes derived from young and senescent non growing WI-38 human fetal lung-derived fibroblasts. A 0.8-kb cDNA clone, isolate EPC-A2 (early population doubling cDNA-A2), encodes the 3' end of the human homolog of the Twist protein. Twist genes encode basic helix-loop-helix(More)
  • F Sierra
  • 1995
In the rat, kininogens are produced from two distinctly regulated gene families, T- and K-kininogens. We have previously established that T-kininogen (T-KG, thiostatin) gene expression is increased in the liver of old rats, as compared to their younger counterparts. In this report, we have used Northern blot analysis to show that the steady state mRNA(More)
We have recently reported the cloning and characterization of the human twist gene (H-twist), which encodes an evolutionarily conserved helix-loop-helix transcription factor. In several species, twist has been shown to play a role in mesoderm differentiation. We now report on the differential expression of H-twist as a function of in vitro life span in(More)
T-kininogen (T-KG) is a precursor of T-kinin, the most abundant kinin in rat serum, and also acts as a strong and specific cysteine proteinase inhibitor. Its expression is strongly induced during aging in rats, and expression of T-KG in Balb/c 3T3 fibroblasts results in inhibition of cell proliferation. However, T-KG is a serum protein produced primarily in(More)
The synthesis of histone proteins in G1 and S phase HeLa S3 cells was examined by two-dimensional electrophoretic fractionation of nuclear and total cellular proteins. Newly synthesized histones were detected only in S phase cells. Histone messenger RNA sequences, as detected by hybridization with cloned human histone genes, were present in the cytoplasm of(More)
We describe the isolation and initial characterization of seven independent lambda Charon 4A recombinant phages which contain human histone genomic sequences (designated lambda HHG). Restriction maps of these clones and localization of the genes coding for histones H2A, H2B, H3, and H4 are presented. The presence of histone encoding regions in the lambda(More)