Frank de Vries

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BACKGROUND A reduction in the availability of cholesterol may limit the cellular proliferation required for cancer growth and metastasis. We tested the hypothesis that statin use begun before a cancer diagnosis is associated with reduced cancer-related mortality. METHODS We assessed mortality among patients from the entire Danish population who had(More)
AIM Both tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been associated with an increased risk of fractures. The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) has been located in the bone and may play a role in bone physiology. We assessed the association between antidepressant drug use, categorized in a therapeutical-based way(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the risk of fracture in patients receiving intermittent therapy with high-dose oral glucocorticoids (GCs). METHODS The study group comprised 191,752 patients from the UK General Practice Database who were 40 years of age and older and received therapy with GCs. The followup time period was divided into the categories of "current" and(More)
The use of inhaled corticosteroids has been associated with a dose-related increased risk of fracture. This may be related to systemic absorption. However, several studies have found that patients with more severe reductions in pulmonary function had reduced bone mineral density, independent of inhaled corticosteroids. The objective of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE   Multiple sclerosis (MS) has been associated with increased mortality rates. However, influence of lifestyle parameters remains unknown, and inconsistencies exist regarding findings for causes of death. METHODS   We conducted a population-based cohort study using the General Practice Research Database, Hospital Episode Statistics,(More)
A Comamonas acidovorans strain, designated NBA-10, was isolated on 4-nitrobenzoate as sole carbon and energy source. When grown on 4-nitrobenzoate, it was simultaneously adapted to 4-nitrosobenzoate and 4-hydroxylaminobenzoate but not to 4-hydroxybenzoate or 4-aminobenzoate. In cell extracts with NADPH present, 4-nitrobenzoate was degraded to(More)
Benzodiazepine use increases the risk of falls and has been associated with an increased risk of hip fractures. Our aim was to estimate the possible population impact of the use of benzodiazepines on the rate of hip fracture in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. We conducted a literature review to estimate the pooled(More)
Previous studies evaluated the association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and subsequent fracture risk, but they showed ambiguous results. Therefore, the objective was to evaluate this association in a different study population. Our findings show that there is probably no causal relationship between PPI use and hip fracture risk. Previous studies(More)
The use of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) has been associated with an increased fracture risk. In addition, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been linked with fracture. We evaluated to what extent the association between TZD use and fracture risk is related to the drug or to the underlying disease. We conducted a population-based cohort study using the Danish(More)