Frank Y. Ma

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OBJECTIVE To analyse the neointimal coverage of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) and bare-metal stent (BMS) visualised in vivo by optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS OCT images were obtained in 26 coronary vessels of 24 patients at 5-93 months after SES or BMS deployment. The short-term BMS group (BMS1) consisted of eight BMS in seven patients at(More)
BACKGROUND IL-1beta has the potential to promote progressive renal disease by effects on macrophage recruitment and activation or by effects mediated through tubular cell transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta production, previously demonstrated in vitro. METHODS The in vivo roles of endogenous IL-1beta and its type I receptor (IL-1RI) in renal fibrosis(More)
The relation between trace element levels in drinking water and cognitive function was investigated in a population-based study of elderly residents (n = 1,016) in rural China in 1996-1997. Cognitive function was measured using a Chinese translation of the Community Screening Interview for Dementia. A mixed effects model was used to evaluate the effect of(More)
Myofibroblasts are a main cell-type of collagen-producing cells during tissue fibrosis, but their origins remains controversial. While bone marrow-derived myofibroblasts in renal fibrosis has been reported, the cell origin and mechanisms regulating their transition into myofibroblasts remain undefined. In the present study, cell lineage tracing studies by(More)
Activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway induces inflammation, apoptosis, and fibrosis. However, little is known of the contribution of the upstream kinases, MMK3 and MKK6, to activation of the p38 kinase in the kidney and consequent renal injury. This study investigated the contribution of MKK3 to p38 MAPK activation and renal(More)
Dopamine secreted by hypothalamic neurons is crucial in regulating prolactin secretion from the pituitary. We have examined the ability of angiotensin II (AngII) to regulate the activity of these dopaminergic neurons and thus act as a potential physiological regulator of prolactin secretion. Using a hypothalamic cell culture preparation we determined the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) are effective in the treatment of kidney disease; however, the side effect of hyperkalaemia, particularly in the context of renal impairment, is a major limitation to their clinical use. Recently developed non-steroidal MRAs have distinct characteristics suggesting that they may be(More)
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