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Nanoparticle (NP) size has been shown to significantly affect the biodistribution of targeted and non-targeted NPs in an organ specific manner. Herein we have developed NPs from carboxy-terminated poly(d,L-lactide-co-glycolide)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLGA-b-PEG-COOH) polymer and studied the effects of altering the following formulation parameters on(More)
There has been progressively heightened interest in the development of targeted nanoparticles (NPs) for differential delivery and controlled release of drugs. Despite nearly three decades of research, approaches to reproducibly formulate targeted NPs with the optimal biophysicochemical properties have remained elusive. A central challenge has been defining(More)
A central challenge in the development of drug-encapsulated polymeric nanoparticles is the inability to control the mixing processes required for their synthesis resulting in variable nanoparticle physicochemical properties. Nanoparticles may be developed by mixing and nanoprecipitation of polymers and drugs dissolved in organic solvents with nonsolvents.(More)
We report the engineering of a novel lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticle (NP) as a robust drug delivery platform, with high drug encapsulation yield, tunable and sustained drug release profile, excellent serum stability, and potential for differential targeting of cells or tissues. The NP comprises three distinct functional components: (i) a hydrophobic(More)
Cisplatin is used to treat a variety of tumors, but dose limiting toxicities or intrinsic and acquired resistance limit its application in many types of cancer including prostate. We report a unique strategy to deliver cisplatin to prostate cancer cells by constructing Pt(IV)-encapsulated prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) targeted nanoparticles(More)
Over the past two decades, molecular targeted diagnostic and therapeutic agents have dramatically improved cancer diagnosis and treatment. Targeting allows the preferential delivery of therapeutic, diagnostic, or imaging agents to the intended site. Advances in nanotechnology have enabled the development of a variety of targeted nanoparticle platforms for(More)
Therapeutic angiogenesis is the growth of blood vessels from a pre-existing vasculature for clinical applications such as treating myocardial and limb ischemia. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent signal transduction molecule that acts specifically on vascular endothelial cells. Encapsulation of VEGF in a polymer matrix not only protects(More)
BACKGROUND The development of nanoparticles for the delivery of therapeutic agents has introduced new opportunities for the improvement of medical treatment. Recent efforts have focused on developing targeted nanoparticles, which are formulated by (for therapeutic delivery) functionalizing nanoparticle surfaces with targeting molecules, such as antibodies,(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have proven to be highly effective contrast agents for the magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis of solid tumors. This review examines the various techniques that are available to selectively target SPIONs toward a wide variety of cancerous tissues, with specific attention given to how the surface(More)
Effective localized delivery of a therapeutic protein requires a biodegradable device capable of delivering active protein at a sustained rate, and at a concentration within its therapeutic window. The objective of this study was to demonstrate that a biodegradable elastomeric device can be made in a cylindrical geometry, and still retain the ability to(More)