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Intracellular Ca(2+)-transport ATPases exert a pivotal role in the endoplasmic reticulum and in the compartments of the cellular secretory pathway by maintaining a sufficiently high lumenal Ca(2+) (and Mn(2+)) concentration in these compartments required for an impressive number of vastly different cell functions. At the same time this lumenal Ca(2+)(More)
The relative mRNA levels corresponding to the different sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic-reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase isoforms (SERCA1a, SERCA1b, SERCA2a, SERCA2b and SERCA3) were measured by reverse transcriptase-PCR in rat soleus muscles regenerating after notexin-induced necrosis. The succession of appearance of the different types of SERCA mRNA species in(More)
In polarized epithelial cells [Ca2+]i waves are initiated in discrete regions and propagate through the cytosol. The structural basis for these compartmentalized and coordinated events are not well understood. In the present study we used a combination of [Ca2+]i imaging at high temporal resolution, recording of Ca2+-activated Cl- current, and(More)
Presenilin (PSEN) deficiency is accompanied by accumulation of endosomes and autophagosomes, likely caused by impaired endo-lysosomal fusion. Recently, Lee et al. (2010. Cell. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2010.05.008) attributed this phenomenon to PSEN1 enabling the transport of mature V0a1 subunits of the vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) to lysosomes.(More)
The transcript levels of the myogenic regulatory factors (myoD, myf5, myogenin and MRF4) were measured by RT PCR in rat soleus (slow) and EDL (fast) muscles which were regenerating from notexin-induced necrosis. Some muscle fibers in the EDL were more resistant to the toxin, therefore the necrosis and the dominance of myoblasts were delayed for two days in(More)
The present study was aimed at localization of plasma membrane (PMCA) and intracellular (SERCA) Ca2+ pumps and characterizing their role in initiation and propagation of Ca2+ waves. Specific and polarized expression of Ca2+ pumps was observed in all epithelial cells examined. Immunolocalization revealed expression of PMCA in both the basolateral and luminal(More)
Two sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPases, SERCA3 and SERCA2b, are expressed in pancreatic islets. Immunocytochemistry showed that SERCA3 is restricted to beta-cells in the mouse pancreas. Control and SERCA3-deficient mice were used to evaluate the role of SERCA3 in beta-cell cytosolic-free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) regulation, insulin(More)
An organellar-type of Ca2+ pump formerly detected by means of its phosphoprotein intermediate in platelets and in lymphoid cells, and which runs in acid gels at 97 kDa, is now characterized as sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ATPase 3 (SERCA3). SERCA3 is co-expressed in these cells along with the housekeeping SERCA2b. This conclusion is based on the(More)
Phosphorylation, immunoblotting, limited proteolysis and drug-sensitivity analysis were used to characterize the sarcoendoplasmic-reticulum Ca2+ ATPases in a variety of human cell types. In platelets, several megakaryoblastoid and lymphoblastoid cell lines two distinct autophosphorylated forms of these ATPases with molecular mass of 100 and 97 kDa could be(More)
In mixed membrane vesicles prepared from human platelets, the presence of two distinct calcium pump enzymes (molecular mass 100 and 97 kDa) was demonstrated by 32P autoradiography, immunoblotting, and thapsigargin inhibition. Both the 100- and 97-kDa membrane proteins showed calcium-dependent phosphoenzyme formation and reacted with a polyclonal(More)